Though his ministers are builders, they are but under builders; they are qualified, employed, directed, encouraged, and succeeded by him; he is the wise, able, and chief master builder. Those who believe the Gospel have been loosed (permitted or allowed) on earth and in heaven the privilege of entering into the Kingdom of God when Christ ushers it in at His Second Coming. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Upon establishing His church, Christ affirms that it would not die out, but continue until His return. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. The church was not to be founded on Peter the person but upon the wonderful and eternally significant confession about the person of Christ, that God revealed to him. May I build my confession of faith upon Christ and Christ alone, who is my precious Saviour and loving Friend, in Whose name I pray, AMEN. We see this reflected in Matthew 16:19 when Jesus is speaking to Peter after he made the confession that Jesus is “the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Likewise, in Matthew 18:18, Jesus extends the keys of the kingdom to the disciples. Matthew 16–18 Introduction and Timeline for Matthew 16–18 Matthew 16 records that the Savior promised to give Peter the keys of the kingdom of heaven (see Matthew 16:18–19). And I say also unto thee. of Daniel 2:44,45, Matthew 3:2, Luke 24:45-47, Matthew 16:18-20 and Matt 16:28 all point to the events of the pouring out of the Spirit, the first public gospel sermon and the first conversions to Christ which all occurred on … Though the end of His labours must be the Cross, He would leave behind Him … Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. JESUS  is the Son of the living God. And upon this rock will I build my church: by the church, is meant, not an edifice of wood, stones but an assembly, and congregation of men; and that not of any sort; not a disorderly, tumultuous assembly, in which sense this word is sometimes taken; nor does it design the faithful of a family, which is sometimes the import of it; nor a particular congregated church, but the elect of God, the general assembly and church of the first born, whose names are written in heaven; and especially such of them as were to be gathered in, and built on Christ, from among the Jews and Gentiles. Question: "What is the rock in Matthew 16:18?" The Jews speak of the gates of hell: sometimes of the gate of hell, in the singular number F16; and sometimes of the gates of hell, in the plural number. Matthew 16:18: The Petros-petra Wordplay—Greek, Aramaic, or Hebrew? Matthew 16:18 records Jesus saying, "And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Matthew 16:16-18 By reading this verse from its scriptural, Hebrew perspective the true meaning is placed back into the words and this dynamic exchange taking place in this historical setting is restored. Christ is a rock that is higher than they, where they find safety in times of distress, and the shadow of which is refreshing to them; and therefore betake themselves to him for shelter, and where they are secure from the wrath of God, and rage of men: he is the rock of ages, in whom is everlasting strength; and is the sure, firm, and everlasting foundation on which the church, and all true believers, are laid: he is the foundation of their faith, and hope, and everlasting happiness, and will ever continue; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. For example, one could look at Isaiah 2:2-4. The only difference shown now is that the authority first given to Simon Peter has now being given to all Jesus’ apostles. Passage Matthew 16:18-19: 18And I tell you, you are [a]Peter [Greek, Petros--a large piece of rock], and on this rock [Greek, petra--a [b]huge rock like Gibraltar] I will build My church, and the gates of Hades (the powers of the [c]infernal region) shall [d]not overpower it [or be strong to its detriment or hold out against it]. In fact, this is the first instance of the word church in the New Testament. Here, Jesus is responding to Peter's declaration that He is the Christ, the Son of the Living God. The materials of this building are such, as are by nature no better, or more fit for it, than others: these stones originally lie in the same quarry with others; they are singled out, and separated from the rest, according to the sovereign will of God, by powerful and efficacious grace; and are broken and hewn by the Spirit of God, generally speaking, under the ministry of the word, and are, by him, made living stones; and being holy and spiritual persons, are built up a spiritual house: and these are the only persons which make up the true and invisible church of Christ in the issue, and are only fit to be members of the visible church; and all such ought to be in a Gospel church state, and partake of the privileges of it: these materials are of different sorts, and have a different place, and have a different usefulness in this building; some are only as common stones, and timber; others are as pillars, beams, and rafters; and all are useful and serviceable; and being put, and knit together, grow up as an holy temple to the Lord: and are called, by Christ, "my" church, because given him by the Father; and he has purchased them with his own blood; are built by him, and on him; inhabited by him, and of whom he is the head, king, and governor; though not to the exclusion of the Father, whose house they also are; nor of the Spirit, who dwells in them, as in his temple. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This church Christ promises to "build". In both Matthew 16:19 and 18:18, the syntax of the Greek text makes the meaning clear: “Whatever thou mayest bind upon the earth shall be having been bound in the heavens, and whatever thou mayest loose upon the earth shall be having been loosed in the heavens” (Matthew … Matthew 16:18..And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, (Peter means "a rock or stone") and upon "THIS" rock (meaning Jesus Himself) I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 170.] Barnes states that "the whole meaning of the passage is this: I will make you the honored instrument of making known my gospel first to Jews and Gentiles and will make you a firm and distinguished preacher in building my church." Thoughts The conclusion that every man and woman born into the human race has to make at one time or another Is the Rock Peter's Confession? 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By the rock on which Christ builds his church, is meant, not the person of Peter; for Christ does not say, upon thee Peter, but upon this rock, referring to something distinct from him: for though his name signifies a rock, or stone, and there may be some allusion to it; and he is so called because of his trust and confidence in the Lord, on whom he was built; but not because he was the foundation on which any others, and especially the whole church, were built: it is true, he may be called the foundation, as the rest of the twelve apostles of the Lamb are, ( Ephesians 2:20 ) ( Revelation 21:14 ) without any distinction from them, and preference to them; they and he agreeing in laying doctrinally and ministerially Christ Jesus as the foundation of faith and hope, but not in such sense as he is; neither he, nor they, are the foundation on which the church is built, which is Christ, and him only. Another scripture where Jesus refers to Himself as "THIS". —The variations in the other Gospels—St. This act of building seems to have a special regard to the conversion of God's elect, both among Jews and Gentiles, particularly the latter; and to the daily conversions of them in all ages; and to the building up of saints in faith and holiness; each of which will more manifestly appear in the latter day; and are both generally effected through the word, and ordinances, as means, the Spirit of Christ blessing them. We may recognize the word and may know its meaning. Matthew 16:18. [Barnes' Notes on Matthew, p. Matthew 16:18 Translation & Meaning. Mark giving simply, “Thou art the Christ,” and St. Luke, “The Christ of God”—are interesting in their bearing on the question of literal inspiration, but do not affect the meaning; and the fullest of the three reports may be received without hesitation as the most authentic. The question is raised at once if Jesus does not here mean the same thing by “kingdom” that he did by “church” in Matthew 16:18. Matthew 16:18 and 19 (18) And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. According to the interpretation of the Roman Catholic Church, this rock refers to Peter… Commentary on Matthew 16:13-20 (Read Matthew 16:13-20 ) Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. David N. Bivin 1994Sep01 Articles 3 Comments. (19) I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” Matthew … Introduction. Revelation 2-3 is written in such a way that any Christian in any century could examine it and conclude he had some characteristics of each era, just as we can today. For 2000 years the Lord Jesus has been building His world-wide Church and the Church of Christ are all those that have trusted His name. What does this verse really mean? In both Matthew 16:19 and 18:18, the syntax of the Greek text makes the meaning clear: “Whatever thou mayest bind upon the earth shall be having been bound in the heavens, and whatever thou mayest loose upon the earth shall be having been loosed in the heavens” (Matthew … In Revelation 1:18; Revelation 3:7 Christ the Risen Lord has “the keys of death and of Hades.” Here again we have the figure of a building with keys to open from the outside. "And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them," "And Jesus called a little … By the kingdom of heaven is meant the Gospel, which comes from heaven, declares the king Messiah to be come, speaks of things concerning his kingdom, is the means of setting it up, and enlarging it, displays the riches of his grace, and gives an account of the kingdom … V.M. All rights reserved. Moreover, what is said to Peter in these, and the following words, is not said to him personally and separately from the rest of the apostles, but is designed for them, as well as him, as appears by comparing them with ( Matthew 18:18 ) . 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, [ a ] and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades [ b ] will not overcome it. O [ye] hypocrites, ye … Matthew 16:18 “ And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. It is the provision He made for the continuance of His work among men. There is one part of our Lord’s work which to many is a dead letter. Matthew 16:16-18 New International Version (NIV) 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” 17 Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven. As he spoke in the name of them all, to Christ; so Christ spake to him, including them all. Who or what is this rock? At that time Jesus had not yet established His church. JESUS the Christ, the anointed  One. Peter (and by extension the rest of the Apostles of Christ as seen in Matthew 18:18) had the authority to permit or forbid people from entering God’s Kingdom. Salem Media Group. The words written in Greek show a relationship not so obvious in English. The pinnacle of the gospel story may be Jesus' dramatic statement, "You are Petros and on this petra I will build my church." It was the Spirit of God that moved Peter to make the earth-shattering, yet correct answer, You are the Messiah, the Christ – the Son of the living God. As with other verses, this is partly due to translation. "And in the morning, [It will be] foul weather today: for the sky is red and lowring. We are living stones who have put our faith in the confession that Peter once made, so many years ago - JESUS is the Messiah. (16) Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. In all honesty, there is … and Jesus said that on this Rock I will build My church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. What precisely the verbal meaning of the statement is—whether that the gates of Hades shall not prevail in conflict against it, as ordinarily understood; or merely that the gates, etc., shall not be stronger than it, without thought of a conflict (Weiss), is of minor moment; the point is that it is not an absolute promise. They say F17, that. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. The aptness of this name to him is easy to be seen in his full assurance of faith, as to the person of Christ, and his free, open, and undaunted confession of him. Peter trusted in Jesus as His Saviour and even when Satan sought to sift Peter as wheat, the gates of hell could not prevail against this child of God – for Christ was praying for him. The Church that Christ has been building is different from any other group of people for it has been built up of men and women of all races and languages, Jews and Gentiles who are being united to form a new temple – a residence for God, where Christ is the Head. And I say also unto thee Either besides what he had already said concerning his happiness; or, as the father had revealed something great and valuable, so likewise would he; or inasmuch as he had freely said and declared who, and what he was, in like manner he also would say what Peter was, thou art Peter: intimating, that he was rightly called Peter, or Cephas, by him, when he first became a follower of him, ( Matthew 4:18 ) ( John 1:42 ) , which words signify the same thing, a rock, or stone; because of his firmness and solidity, and because he was laid upon the sure foundation, and built on the rock Christ, and was a very fit stone to be laid in the spiritual building. Matthew 5:13(NASB) Verse Thoughts The Church is the body of Christ and in His absence from the world we are called to be the salt of the earth and yet we are also warned that if salt loses it saltiness it is good for nothing, other than to be thrown out and trampled under foot. This morning we come to a topic that many are probably unfamiliar with – fasting. Peter had no preeminence over the rest of the apostles, which he neither assumed, nor was it granted; nor would it ever have been connived at by Christ, who often showed his resentment at such a spirit and conduct, whenever there was any appearance of it in any of them; see ( Matthew 18:1-3 ) ( 20:25-28 ) and though Peter, with James, and John, had some particular favours bestowed on him by Christ; as to be at the raising of Jairus's daughter, and at the transfiguration of Christ on the mount, and with him in the garden; and he appeared to him alone after his resurrection, and before he was seen by the rest of the disciples; yet in some things he was inferior to them, being left to deny his Lord and master, they did not; and upon another account is called Satan by Christ, which they never were; not to mention other infirmities of his, which show he is not the rock: and, after all, what is this to the pope of Rome, who is no successor of Peter's? Matthew 6:16-18. Armenteros, "A Rock in the Path: Possible Jewish Readings of Matthew 16:18", DavarLogos 8.1 (2009): 59-73 [PDF] - is a fascinating study of what it would mean to follow the "rock" imagery from the Hebrew Bible into early Jewish motifs, rather than that of early Christianity, but making sense of Christian traditions. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Answer: The debate rages over whether “the rock” on which Christ will build His church is Peter, or Peter’s confession that Jesus is “the Christ, the Son of the Living God” ( Matthew 16:16 ). This means a body of true believers has continued from Pentecost AD 31 until today. The disciples, and by extension, the elders of a local church are given the authority to bind and loose on earth. Loving Father, thank You that I am Your child and that Christ is the Rock of my Salvation. Only on that condition is the statement about the πύλαι ᾅδου, Matthew 16:18, clause 2, valid. What does Matthew 16:18 mean? Proud member It was this wonderful and eternally significant proclamation that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the Messiah of Israel and the Saviour of mankind upon which the Lord Jesus would build His Church – for His spilt blood was to seal the fate of Satan and destroy the evil power of death and hell, that had snaked its icy fingers around the throat of every man and woman born into the human race. Peter, as an apostle, had no successor in his office; nor was he bishop of Rome; nor has the pope of Rome either his office, or his doctrine: but here, by the rock, is meant, either the confession of faith made by Peter; not the act, nor form, but the matter of it, it containing the prime articles of Christianity, and which are as immoveable as a rock; or rather Christ himself, who points, as it were, with his finger to himself, and whom Peter had made such a glorious confession of; and who was prefigured by the rock the Israelites drank water out of in the wilderness; and is comparable to any rock for height, shelter, strength, firmness, and duration; and is the one and only foundation of his church and people, and on whom their security, salvation, and happiness entirely depend. Interpretation of Matthew 18:18 by Bible Commentary Only one explanation by commentary has been included here to explain Matthew 18:18 meaning, as all the other commentaries said to refer to the notes given on Matthew 16:19. Matthew 16:18 Treasury of Scripture Knowing. To use the Matthew 16:18 passage as the be-all of Catholic reliance on Scripture and tradition, he writes, is to lean on "a selective and fundamentalist interpretation of this one text." Matthew 16:18. They are the called-out ones, men and women that have been called out of the dark kingdom of Satan and placed into the glorious kingdom of His dear Son. In this passage, Jesus is referring to the building of His church: “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16:18). The saying seems to contain an obvious Greek wordplay, indicating that Jesus spoke in Greek. Matthew 16:18. Some of you may even think you have fasted before because you were forced to do so for some medical test or as part of a diet to lose weight. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse is often misunderstood because it is often misused. He did not aim at immediate results. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Either besides what he had already said concerning his happiness; or, as the father had revealed something great and valuable, so likewise would he; or inasmuch as he had freely said and declared who, and what he was, in like manner he also would say what Peter was, thou art Peter: intimating, that he was rightly called Peter, or Cephas, by him, when he … The conclusion that every man and woman born into the human race has to make at one time or another, is the answer to the eternally significant question, what think ye of Christ, who do you say He is? Account, then click continue not Sell My Personal Information not yet His. 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