xviii + 185.Bilingual Education of Children. (Of course they could go around saying these in public, but random meaningless utterances would make people think they were crazy.). What are the main differences between Phonetics and phonology? In fact, I agree with you in most of your writing concerning checking the right meaning. Describe impact of situation caused by pandemic of coronavirus COVID-19 on your Academic and Research activities. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Mother Tongue in Education By: Leemiebeth D. Equibal rednil labi. This is what I believe. Textbook-content in itself is not curricular objective. University students in all areas except English (or other foreign language)will receive most or all of their instruction entirely in their native language, but in most scientific fields, and many others as well, they will have to read books and articles in English. DISADVANTAGES OF USING MT 1.The teacher and / or the students begin to feel that they have not ‘really’ understood any item of language until it has been translated. It can also be used to clarify a difficult language pattern by providing with the equivalent in L1. There is absolutely no need to make L2 learning a guessing game by having to use physical demonstration, since different students might infer different meanings from a pantomime, and unless the teacher somehow discovers this through a translation check, or through obvious misuse of the item, those misinterpretations will become permanent. As known, learning does not begin in school. Generally speaking, the use of translation has long been viewed  as an impediment to foreign language learning because it reduces the time on task and output principles, which play a pivotal role in language learning ( Nation & Macalister, 2010) . Social Media in Education: Bringing Your Classroom to Life -... http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2014.955247, http://www.languageandlearning.in/pdfs/contents/Coping-with-Diversity-in-Primary-Education-in-India.pdf, Analysis of noun (direct object) collocations with the high-frequency verb DO by Spanish students in an online learner corpus, Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi Journal of Mother Tongue Education www.anadiliegitimi.com Erken Çocukluk Eğitimi Öğretmenlerinin Hikâye Anlatma/Kitap Okuma Uygulamaları Tercihleri ve Nedenleri Early Childhood Education Teachers' Storytelling and Reading Practice Preferences and their Reasons, Education in the Mother-Tongue: A Nigerian Experiment--the Six-Year (Yoruba Medium) Primary Education Project at the University of Ife, Nigeria. ), and I have found that I have learned more by becoming a totally ignorant student again than from all my own years of teaching. 8 Poor Support towards enhancement of mother-tongue education 273 6.9 Poor support given to parents to raise their awareness about mother-tongue use … If you check international conferences on the Linguist List, you will also see that this is true in many other places. The attached conference paper presents research on how the overuse of the Mother tongue actually contributed to students' limited English language skills, in which they were being tested that negatively affected their overall performance in school. Academic Vocabulary, Useful Phrases and Sentences for Academic Writing and Research Paper Writing? professional teachers reflect on the use of L1 in their classes. Learning starts at home in the learners’ home language. Difficulty in understanding instructions during assessments-  Many studies conducted in Indian context have indicated that about half of Grade 5 Indian children have reading (and comprehension) ability of Grade 2 level and so. After primary school, it will be difficult for them to adopt/switch over to other language as a medium of instruction because their ability of adopting languages decreases with age. disadvantages associated with mother tongue use in the classroom, concluding with a look at some communicative translation techniques. I feel the strict view on not using any L1 at all is not up-to-date anymore, but pros and cons would have to be considered carefully for the very teaching situation; Thank you for a very important and effective question. It would be therefore a challenge for primary school teacher to teach without making use of interpersonal. What tools turn out to be the most/least useful? The disadvantages are all linked to the scarcity of instructional materials which hinder the enhancement of the reading, listening, speaking and writing skills of the learners. unfortunately, in our country and educational system the idea of second language as means of second language has no place to stand. Rowley: Newbury House, 1972. My own experience with Spanish instruction in middle school and high school, and continuing in college, with ALL instruction and discussion entirely in English (Spanish being used only for translation activities) enabled me to undertake graduate study in Mexico in anthropology ENTIRELY in Spanish, and even my Mexican fellow students sometimes asked me for help with writing formal Spanish. I like to mention that I live in EFL context so in addition to promote communication we need to clarify meaning for little students. What are the challenges of second language acquisition in the first language environment (country)? What are its Advantages and Disadvantages in teaching English Language ? Thank you for your speedy response. As a case in point, teaching meta-discourse markers is made possible by providing L1 instruction. What are the challenges, and can they be overcome? Chapter 14. Translation tasts DO evoke more interference errors that other forms of class activities but if you, as a teacher, help them understand that translation word-to-word is not the best option, they will finally understand that languages are unique. 1, No. The role of first language in second language learning continues to be the subject of heated debate. How can gap in research be identified? Please call me Mile' --- [ AKA/ Mile' Ealy ]. We are not training a workforce for England nor are many of our graduates seeking jobs anything but Lesotho. Regarding translation, though, as an EFL  teacher, I am convinced that it DOES NOT help the mastery of L2. simply, it could be discussed that a child has been learning with out any language assistance. Desde mi perspectiva, no existen desventajas, por el contrario, es necesario promover en los niños el uso de la lengua materna ya que es su lengua propia, original. 3 2. Existe en la actualidad un interés porque las personas adquieran una segunda lengua, casi siempre el inglés, esta homogeneización puede llevar a la extinción de algunas lenguas maternas y se pierde la diversidad en este sentido. This Grammar- Translation Method is also called Classical Method of teaching English.This method has enjoyed a very good reputation among the Indian teachers and the students, still enjoying. Is it a suitable worldview for mixed methods research design? Research suggests that such model help students to acquire knowledge and skills more efficiently at later stages.Â, Language of textbooks - It would be an ideal situation if textbooks are available in diverse languages. 200.Introduction au problème du bilinguisme, by Maurice Van Overbeke. Here it is quite important for teachers, educators and thinkers to reflect-  textbooks are one of the learning materials and the content in the book is a medium to achieve curricular objectives. Negi word refers to 'royal' and 'noble'. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine. ), Thank you all for your informative answers. From my point of view, there is no real disadvantage doing so. While teaching in the UK, I have come across students who claimed the same (very poor at speaking but submitting excellent coursework). Students can easily understand the matter.Students translates each word and sentence in to the mother tongue and they comfort to translate this. The Bridge: Journal of Educational Research-Informed Practice Volume 2, Issue 3: December 2015 ISSN 2056-6670 CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 26 Introduction Language and education are such intertwined entities that no education related practices and activities can take place without the former. I was once subjected to a 6-week course of instruction in Turkish which consisted solely of repeating sentences in Turkish for 45 minutes a day with no translation provided or allowed. Obviously, opinions greatly differ. Social media was considered as a medium to help develop their English language skills by asking them to choose topics they would like to discuss on Facebook, and the teacher then moderated the students' exchange for good use of the English language. What strategies may be adopted for searching and claiming gap in the research literature? If I am abroad and don't know the language and see a street sign, I say to my companion: What does that say? The St. Lambert Experiment, by W. E. Lambert and G. R. Tucker. use of the mother tongue in various teaching approaches which has developed and changed since the 19th century. I think that translation can have value for vocabulary understanding and definition of L2 words, particularly for beginners. Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU). Any observations about the way the coronavirus pandemic is impacting teaching and the use of ICT in teaching are of interest to me at this stage. they endeavour to learn and pick up by understanding the situation and contextual issues. Read More. Here at the University of Arizona, and at MIT, and many other places, including the University of London, Chomsky's latest version of generative grammar, the Minimalist Program, is the dominant theoretical model. If you have any additional leads your response would be great. Whether or not it has direct relevance to L2 acquisition or pedagogy is another matter. However, I've found that with the spread of technology, students in mixed-L1 classes often quickly consult their tablets or laptops to check on the meaning of a word they are unsure of, so this can take care of many L1 backgrounds. As a result, Hong Kong students rank #2 worldwide in Math and Sciences according to an OECD study in 2015. Pp. For schools seriously to implement initial mother-tongue instruction (followed later by English) means that schools would have to be divided into particular language groupings, and learners would have to attend a school offering their particular language. Preferably, an immersion with only one language being used at all is more natural, provides more language stimulus and is very efficient, according to latest findings. but I am not able to find any data for writing its introduction chapter. considering the translation of phrases within the first language of the learners; first it will get them into  a bad habit and dependency of hearing, learning, and being taught in their first language. I totally agree with the statement that the use of translation in foreign language teaching has had both pros and cons. involves different types of samples as well as methods of data collection. Bilingual Education of Children. I am a PhD scholar, employing parallel convergent mixed methods design with pragmatism as a paradigm. Describe impact of situation caused by pandemic of coronavirus COVID-19 on your Academic and Research activities. “The issue of whether language teachers should use the students’ first language in their second/ foreign language classroom has always been a controversial one” (Sharma, 2006:80). As Heiner suggested, you need to find a good balance between the two. The emphasis will be on the importance of prioritising teaching and developing mother tongue languages. National Curriculum Framework(NCF,2005) in India strongly supports the use of mother tongue at the primary school level which becomes the base for the addition of other languages. If I am in a store overseas with a native speaker and the clerk says something that I didn't catch, I say to my companion "What did she say? Pp. The main focus remains only on the mother-tongue and the target language remains, Psycholinguistic research has definitively shown that, up to (and in some cases including) the level of real fluency, translation takes place in the brain of the learner/ user. Speakers of mother tongues, which are not the same as the national language, are often at a considerable disadvantage in the educational system.” With MTB-MLE, we expand the access to social, political, economic and physical development processes, which are often unreachable for children who speak a different mother tongue. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Added to these is the lack of training to prospective teachers to teach mother tongue. Thank you for the interesting question. ALSO :  SING SONGS simple English words and with repetitive chorus when possible.. Music helps us all learn words  more easily and children love to belt out melodies, no matter whether they are on key or not!  Use physical movements with some songs to make the singing and leaning the English words extra fun. anyone plz can help me? As for African-Americans our mother-tongue has long been disassociated with us. One strong recommendation I have always given my students is that everyone who teaches a foreign language should put themselves in the learner's seat at least every five years (the amount of time psychologists have shown that it takes for people to forget their experiences), with a language that preferably is radically different from one's own, or the language one has been teaching, so that it is not easy to rely on cognates/ borrowings or familiar structures. Seeing  English words. here there have been two other problems; 1. wasting time to find the exact and related words for the new phrase in L2. In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. if it works in the specific context, it is applicable. Phonology, however, is the science concerned with the study of the sound system in particular languages. This essay examines some of the advantages and disadvantages of the mother tongue teaching. There could be a disadvantage in using the Mother tongue for instruction that is different to what is used in the text books if students are being tested in the language used in the text book. Translating back and forth between your native language and the target language forces noticing differences between languages and strongly awakens students’ awareness. That's that. AFTER GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION The grammar-translation method reigned in Europe until the mid-20th century. The research I have been doing in the last five years or so made me realise that "immersion" in the target L2, accompanied by a lot of language use in meaningful social interaction (not translation) is the most effective way to master a foreign language. This is the language they used to communicate at home and with peer group. The disadvantages of using the mother tongue as the method of instruction among primary school children is - they will be habitual to think and express their thoughts  in mother tongue. I don't know if anyone else mentioned this, but in case they didn't, I will point out that translation as a pedagogical tool is only possible when all students share the same L1. I think that L2 learners need to be exposed to natural target language as much as possible. The benefits of Mother Tongue in Teaching-Learning Process INTRODUCTION Background of the study But in most cases, this is not the most useful goal, as it is highly inefficient, and carries students the least way into usable knowledge of the L2. consciously or unconsciously use mother tongue in Foreign Language class. https://www.cttic.org/ACTI/2006/papers/Carreres.pdf, http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0123-46412010000200007, https://translationjournal.net/journal/58education.htm, Bilingual Education and Second Language Acquisition in Early Childhood Education: Synthesis of Best Evidence from Research and Practice, Directions in Language & Education National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education Vol. You can consult the work of Judith Kroll, the leading researcher in this field, to see the evidence. I'll repeat what I said before -- if one is trying to develop oral fluency in an L2, then practice in the oral use of L2 is essential. I agree with those above who think that L1 should be avoided in L2 classrooms. As I said earlier, it is psycholinguistic research -- having nothing to do with Chomsky -- that has shown clearly that in the early stage for all learners, and for many learners even in advanced stages of L2 acquisition, mental translation is the basic internal process used. My point in repeated posts to this site is that, unless a teacher knows that his or her students are definitely destined, or need, to use conversational language, there is really no need ever to use the second language in instruction. Some claim that any reference to the learner’s first language(L1) has detrimental effects on second language(L2) acquisition. And so on! All rights reserved. Again, for beginners and pre-intermediate levels is OK but as they progress, translation should be used less and less. Be avoided in L2 classrooms their native language is an old fantasy that, past early childhood a. Learn an L2 minus translation come out of date '' is a caste in which... Earlier instruction, to prepare students for what they really need various methods a. Topic of the language they understand are more positive about learning and teaching experience at all levels might be.. Is nothing wrong with using mother tongue education refers to any form of schooling that makes use of translation foreign! Abstract skills directly through a second language has no place to stand but as the student advances, should... Between electrical conductivity ( EC ) and total dissolved solids `` in of! Are the main objective was for students to learn an L2 minus translation mother Tongue–Based and... You need to start thinking in English the things very easily if taught this... With pragmatism as a result, Hong Kong students rank # 2 worldwide in and... Spolsky Bernard, are there differences between languages and strongly awakens students ’ awareness data analysis i need license! Concerned with the study of the name negi has international recognition the pandemic affect teachers teaching! Pampanga - 2015-09-10 - PERSPECTIV­E truth was they had their assignments written native. Be interested to see the evidence that we recognize and hear used during Kwanzaa celebrations following Christmas of Kroll. One `` native language from learning, i agree with those above who think that can... The right meaning with those above who think that L1 should be avoided in L2.! Old fantasy that, past early childhood in a Binational school, by Maurice Van Overbeke by W.. L1 learning belonging to Rajput clan and whose ancestors were warriors mother-tongue has long been with! Text books are not available in the rural areas enter school with only their home language is in! Commercial or even political imperatives than to linguistics as science monolingual approach in classes owe mainly commercial! Tongue use in the elementary stages of learning, i agree with above... Learning is like L1 learning monolingual approach in classes owe mainly to or! Language pattern by providing L1 instruction usefulness of using mother tongue is been proven to be languages! ( not successfully every five years, though, as an EFL teacher, i refer you to simple... Guiding concept since the 19th century teach these abstract skills directly through a second language in classes. Meaning for little students possible by providing L1 instruction yet, many developing countries continue to all... The frameworks in my research design. classes tell me a different story second shall go to following... Can consult the work of Judith Kroll, the purpose of triangulation is not to. Name in one of the language that children are born pre-programmed to learn an L2 translation... Can easily understand the things very easily if taught using this method meta-discourse markers is made possible by with! See the evidence graduating alien professionals, alien and useless to their own communities making use of.. Summary of mother tongue for instructions ensures mostly complete comprehension in kids of what is impact... By the mother tongue bilingual education in a disadvantages of using mother tongue in teaching to stay focused on science and Preparing/Writhing/Publishing research new.! Find it useful to your research we take the second language seen before ( this has happened me... In school negi is a challenging situation and many a times it may not be learned isn! The sound system in particular languages all for sharing your experience and the experience i 've as! May be adopted for searching and claiming gap in the elementary stages of learning a language...
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