The axillary inflorescence is shorter than thesubtending leaf [5]. Although the woolly inflorescence of Saussurea medusa (Asteraceae) is 5.9 °C warmer than ambient air temperatures, it is unlikely to be due to pubescence, but rather the compact architecture of the inflorescence itself (Yang et al., 2008). The thermal dynamics of inflorescences with respect to pubescence have been studied in two Himalayan taxa. Chickpea is valued for its nutritive seeds with high protein content, 25.3-28.9 %, after dehulling (Hulse, 1991). In India, where the chickpea is known as "chana," a large number of recipes are based on the legume. Chickpea is grown in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. Introduction. Kabuli type is grown in temperate regions while the desi type chickpea is grown in the semi-arid tropics (Muehlbauer and Singh, 1987; Malhotra et al., 1987). The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is an annual legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. Chickpea is known to confer contribute to sustainability to cropping systems. For centuries, inflorescence morphology of various legumes such as garden pea (Pisum sativum L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), and lentils have attracted the attention of various researchers (Devi et al., 2018; Gaur & Gour, 2002; Sandhu & Singh, 2007). This type of inflorescence is known as sympodial cyme as found in some members of Solanaceae (e.g., Solanum nigrum). (ii) Biparous or Dichasial Cyme: In this type of inflorescence the peduncle bears a terminal flower and stops growing. Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea, chana, and chole. The chickpea is the main ingredient in many Middle Eastern dishes, like falafel, where it is ground and shaped into balls, and in hummus, where it is cooked, ground and made into a dip. In climates that experience short growing seasons due to drought, heat, or end-of-season frost, early flowering is a highly desirable trait for chickpea ( Cicer arietinum ). Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a grain legume with indeterminate growth habit (Hegde, 2011), is the second most economically important pulse crop, having an annual production of more than 14.2 million tons (FAOSTAT, 2016) with most of its cultivation in the developing countries.It is the major protein source for the vegetarian population in the growing countries. The small RNA population was sequenced from leaves and flowers of chickpea to identify conserved and novel miRNAs as well as phasiRNAs/phasiRNA loci. There is a large gap in the potential (around 3.0 to 5.0 t ha-1) and realizable yield (world average 0.7 t ha-1) of chickpea. Chickpea seeds are high in protein.It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. In this study, we mapped, sequenced, and characterized Early flowering1 (Efl1) , an ortholog of Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) EARLY FLOWERING3 ( ELF3 ) that confers early flowering in chickpea. The inflorescence of chick pea is _____ a. Axilary raceme b. Panicle c. Ear; The recommended seed rate for chick pea is _____ a. Research thrust. Arabidopsis thaliana, where the genetic control of inflorescence development is best known, has a simple inflorescence, where the primary inflorescence meristem directly produces the … CHICKPEA / BENGALGRAM - Cicer arietinum. Bioinformatics analysis revealed 157 miRNA loci for the 96 highly conserved and known miRNA homologs belonging to BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF CICER ARIETINUM Cicer arietinum otherwise known as chickpea are a type of edible legume. As a food source, chickpea are a cheap source of protein used as a staple in many different countries around the world. 8-10 kg/ha b. 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