Arabic: إِسْبَانِيَا … Translations . Spanish colonial policies Shortly before the death of Queen Isabella I in 1504, the Spanish sovereigns created the House of Trade (Casa de Contratación) to regulate commerce between Spain and the New World. The anticipation of potential riches and desire to further consolidate Spain’s claims to New World territory resulted in the Coronado expedition of 1540-1542. Spain was not alone in missionary enterprises throughout the New World. New Spain was a viceroyalty, or administrative unit of the Spanish colonial empire. As such, it served as the logistical base for the conquest of most of the Western Hemisphere. Presidios and Villas on the Eastern Frontera of New Spain. New Spain, formally cried the Viceryalty o New Spain (Spaingie: Virreinato de Nueva España), wis a viceryalty o the croun o Castile, o the Spainyie empire, comprisin territories in the north owerseas 'Septentrion' (North Americae an Philippines). … Columbus arrived in the New World in 1492 and when he got back in 1493 the secret was out that there were great riches to be had in the New World, so much so that as early as 1494 Spain and Portugal were trying to decide how they would divide the riches of the Old World and the New between them, so in the years after … New Orleans was devastated by large fires in 1788 and … Biofile Southwest – a biographical listing of nearly 20,000 persons living in northern New Spain. In short, the viceroy was in charge of governing the colony. Spain colonized Florida’s eastern coast in the mid-1500s in an attempt to counter French encroachment. To them, the mission served similar purposes: the spiritual conversion of natives and the pacification of precarious colonial frontiers … New Spain The colony comprising Spain's territorial possessions in the New World north of the Isthmus of Panama, established following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Next came the criollos, those born in Mexico of Spanish … Chapter 1: Women in the Colony of New Spain 2. New France. It was ruled by a viceroy (an official chosen by the king) from mexico. 5. It served as a buffer zone against the westward expansion of archrival France from Louisiana whose King's agent Robert … 3. For a century before the arrival of the English or Dutch, Spain’s main American rival was France. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan (part of Mexico City), which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain. The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans. New Spain After the fall of Tenochtitlán, the Spaniards' task was to settle and expand the new domains on the mainland of North and Central America that became known as New Spain. Cattle, sheep, and other livestock imported from Spain were driven north where ranchers settled across the open ranges near northern mining centers. As they had in other Spanish colonies, Franciscan missionaries labored to bring about a spiritual conquest by converting the Pueblo to Catholicism. Indispensable to sustain a growing colonial society, farming and ranching quickly became New Spain’s principal occupations. New Spain included Nueva Extremadura, Nueva Galicia, Nueva Vizcaya … Spain's government in Madrid tried hard to govern the New World, despite its distance from Europe. Maintain political order. The cultivation of wheat was of economic importance because it was the basis of food in Spain and throughout Europe. The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies Why Was the Boston Massacre Important? As colonial society grew, a well-defined caste system developed. New Spain wis established follaein the Spaingie conquest o the Aztec Empire in 1521. The top stratus was formed by Spaniards born in Spain, called peninsulares or gachupines, most of whom came from titled families and held the highest ranking posts in both the government and the clergy. It was the crown jewel in Spains holdings in the New World.After the Spanish conquered the Aztecs in 1521, Mexico grew to include most of present day Central America and the southwestern United States. Courtesy of The Historic New Orleans Collection. Most of the Spanish colonies were located in the Americas from as far north as what is now Canada to much of South America. New Spain is a faction in Empire: Total War. Biofile Relatives and Household Members Index– an alphabetical index to other names fou… The empire stretched across the Caribbean Islands, North America, Central America, and half of South America. New Orleans was the main port of entry for Spanish supplies sent to American forces during the American Revolution, and Spain and the new United States disputed the borders of Louisiana and navigation rights on the Mississippi River for the duration of Spain's rule in the colony. Napoleon, seeking to expand his empire, attacked and defeated Spain, and he put his elder brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. 4. The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España), was the political unit of Spanish territories in North America and Asia-Pacific. New Spain was established following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Using a system of viceroyalties and audencias , royal courts of appeals, the Spanish Monarchy was able to exercise control over Spanish settlers, even when they didn't want any sort of interference from the central government. The island of Hispaniola (La Isla Española) was the first New World colony settled by Spain. Collecting taxes. Women in new spain ce 6 (1) 1. The encomienda system was put in place in several areas, … During the Spanish colonial period in the Americas (1492–1832), about two million Spanish settlers migrated to the newly acquired territory, and a further 3.5 million people mi… Some of these European countries fought one another for control over trade and the riches of the New World. Its capital was Mexico City, formerly Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire. After learning the disappointing truth about Zuni mud plaster, and sending Fray de Niza home in disgrace, Coronado set up his winter base camp near Bernalillo. Under kings Carlos III and Carlos IV, the administration of Spain … At its height, the viceroyalty of New Spain consisted of Mexico, much of Central Am… S pain governed the colony of Louisiana for nearly four decades, from 1763 through 1802, returning it to France for a few months until the Louisiana Purchase conveyed it to the United States in 1803. Their purpose was to make the trade monopolistic and thus pour the maximum amount of bullion into the royal treasury. There were five areas where extensive wheat cultivation was developed: Oaxaca Valley, Mexico Valley, Atilixco Valley, Puebla Valley, and Jalisco, Guanajuato and Michoacán regions. Spain … With Indigenous governments such as the efficient Inca Empire in ruins, the Spanish conquistadors needed to find a way to rule their new subjects. 2. The territory included the present-day Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America (except Panama), the Caribbean, and the Philippines. A Spanish explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed large areas of Mexico for Spain. At first, the Pueblo … Unit one and chapter one~ Women in the Colony of New Spain• This unit presents and explains Spain’s successful acquisition of land in the New World• It examines the role of Native American women in New Spain, their experience of … If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading … historical colony. The northern boundary of New Spain remained undefined until the Adams-Onis Treaty in 1819. Tenochtitlan was razed and then rebuilt as Mexico City, the capital of the viceroyalty. Colonization, or the desire to establish permanent settlements, soon followed. Take charge of justice. The Spanish gained an early foothold in the colonies, quickly becoming the most powerful European power in the New World. Manage the income of the colony. It is a Spanish protectorate. Documentary Relations of the Southwest sponsored by the University of Arizona has several large collections of documents for New Spain. The most important crops in the colonies were wheat and sugar cane. - Lesson for Kids ... New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies Related Study Materials. The Spanish colony New Spain had the quality of"viceroyalty", which means that it was a province governed by a"viceroy"who represented the authority of the king of Spain in that territory. In 1821 Spain lost most of its colonies in the Americas except for Cuba, Philippines and Puerto Rico, when it recognized the independence of Mexico. Among these are the following: 1. At the close of the 17th century, Texas and the Sabine River on its eastern border was the northeast frontier of the vast Spanish empire in America. Initially, France offered Louisiana to Spain in order to bring Spain into the conflict on the French side. The peninsulares were the highest caste in the Spanish colonial … By 5 December 1492, Columbus had arrived at western Hispaniola, where he founded the colony of La Navidad and became its first viceroy. In the 1500s, Spain systematically conquered parts of North, Central and South America as well as the Caribbean. French and Portuguese missionaries also made inroads in Canada, Brazil, and other parts of the Americas. For almost 300 years after 1521, Mexico was a colony of Spain and known as La Nueva España or New Spain. The following are sub-collections of the Biofile Southwest 1.1. The French established colonies throughout the Caribbean basin including Guiana on the northern coast of South America, Louisiana (1682) and, to a lesser extent, Florida. The Spanish gained an early foothold in the colonies, quickly becoming the most powerful European power in the New World. This translated copy shows the original Spanish Plan of New Orleans from 1798. Among the functions of the viceroy are: 1. Each of the major European powers—Spain, France, the Netherlands, and England—sent explorers to the New World. The Spanish Empire began its interest in the Americas upon the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. New Spain. Hernan Cortes. Cortés dispatched several expeditions to survey the areas beyond the Valley of Mexico and to establish political control over the land and its … This act made for a perfect excuse for secession, and by the time Spain had gotten rid of Joseph in 1813 most of their former colonies had declared themselves independent. Other extensive crops were sugarcane, which o… Santa Fe became the capital of the Kingdom of New Mexico, an outpost of the larger Spanish Viceroyalty of New Spain, which had its headquarters in Mexico City. 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