The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. "3:p�� ��V���h5��f�|jE��4cNh����@��`v]IԑX��G Mtati reei i iea 356 Cyrit 2019 ar et al. The major chickpea-producing countries of the world (Table 1) are India (68%), Turkey (11%), and Pakistan (8%). Precipitation recorded at the WSU Spillman Research Farm from 1 October 2014 to 31 September 2015 was approximately 16.2 inches, which is nearly 4.25 inches less than normal Progress in breeding necessitates a better understanding of the genetics underlying these traits. NSW DPI and DAFF have also collaborated on breeding chickpeas since 1983. It is mostly grown under rain fed conditions in arid and semi-arid areas around the world. Jimbour, Moti) had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. Citation: Kumar S, Katna G, Sharma N. Mutation breeding in chickpea.Adv Plants Agric Res. [128 0 R 129 0 R 130 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 28 0 obj <>>>/Annots[131 0 R 132 0 R]/Contents[134 0 R 135 0 R 136 0 R]/MediaBox Drought tolerance breeding research work on chickpea has been conducted for over two decades. “That translates to high yield and larger seed size especially for Kabuli chickpea… [0 0.01 494.65 666.96]>>endobj 8 0 obj <>>>/Contents[52 0 R 53 0 R 54 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.01 494.65 666.96]>>endobj 9 0 obj <>>>/Contents[56 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R]/MediaBox 25 in chickpea. The 2015 Pacific Northwest growing season was significantly hotter and drier than average. Chickpea is cholesterol free and is a good source of dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals (Agri-Food, 2006; Wood and Grusak, 2007). An Australian highly coordinated chickpea breeding program commenced in 2005 but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. Introduction. Chickpea is grown over an area of nearly 10 million ha in the world with a production of 7.1 million tons and productivity of 706 kg ha-1. %PDF-1.5 %���� Controlled environment studies have shown that C. echinospermum lines have a small root system, and that plant height is a good predictor of root mass. Market class Variety-- Yield (% Amit) -- Ascoch yta Blight** Height (cm) Days to … DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00448 polygenic in nature and selection for such mutations can be [0 0 494.65 667.2]>>endobj 10 0 obj <>>>/Contents[60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.01 494.65 666.96]>>endobj 11 0 obj <>>>/Contents[64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R]/MediaBox However, breeding and selection of suitable chickpea genotypes is The book by M. Imran Kozgar aims to cover the problems of mutation breeding in pulse crops in the light of issues related to food insecurity and malnutrition, which according to FAO are the major threats at the present time. ���� JFIF � � ���Exif MM * b j( 1 r2 ��i � � � � Adobe Photoshop CS4 Macintosh 2010:08:13 16:34:06 � r� � ( " � H H ���� JFIF H H �� Adobe_CM �� Adobe d� �� � �hT�����˺ Fq��}�D�+%�w]wߦy�T�ʣjZ����[m��r]�zϹ��������(��ug��_�cV���� ��j���іw�tz�δ�Cnd՝��3�v*9��W�+YvڌXs>@��ZFpu�T��u{���h�����a�#� '�E the overall chickpea-breeding pipeline to be guided by unequivocally defined product concepts reflecting priority traits demanded by stakeholders that a new variety is expected to meet. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 0 h�b```�Hv��� ���b [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 29 0 obj <>>>/Annots[137 0 R 138 0 R]/Contents[140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 114 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 24 0 obj <>>>/Contents[116 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 25 0 obj %%EOF A number of improved varieties (e.g. Controlled environment studies have shown that C. echinospermum lines have a small root system, and that plant height is a good predictor of root mass. Further, NSW DPI and QLD DAFF had collaborated in breeding chickpeas since 1983. Breeding Objectives • Breeding for higher yield • Breeding for extended adaptation of chickpea • Breeding for resistance to biotic stress • Breeding for resistance to abiotic stress • Identification of stable form of male sterility 4. So, should the chickpea breeding priorities. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. [144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 31 0 obj <>>>/Contents[148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72] the chickpea breeding program. “First there has to be a competitive advantage for farmers or no one will grow it,” said Taran. It is mostly grown under rain fed conditions in arid and semi-arid areas around the world. endstream endobj 937 0 obj <>stream developments in breeding, genetics, genomics and agronomic strategies to improve stress tolerance in chickpea are also discussed. Download PDF. endstream endobj 938 0 obj <>stream This offers an effective mode of enhancing the food and nutritional security of local, resource-poor farming families. Therefore, chickpea breeding focuses on increasing yield by pyramiding genes for resistance/tolerance to the fungi, to pod borer, salinity, cold and drought into elite germplasm. a.2.6 GrDc’s chickpea-breeding investment A highly coordinated chickpea-breeding program commenced in Australia in 2005, but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. CDC Chickpea Breeding objectives Key Quality Traits Seed appearance (size, shape, colour) Processing (canning for kabuli, milling for desi) Nutritional characteristics Specialty market classes (eg. 3DJH 2015 PROGRESS REPORT . Akagawa Publishing PDF ID 448886dc chickpea breeding and management cabi publishing pdf Favorite eBook Reading management and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to Download full-text PDF Read full-text. 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 34 0 obj <>endobj 35 0 obj <>stream 949 0 obj <>stream Despite growing demand %���� The most commonly used chemical mutagens in chickpea breeding are EMS, SA and HZ. endstream endobj 934 0 obj <>/Metadata 148 0 R/Pages 931 0 R/StructTreeRoot 185 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 935 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 720 540]/Parent 931 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 936 0 obj <>stream 2019;9(2):355‒362. Mtati reei i iea 356 Cyrit 2019 ar et al. x���Mk�0���AǤPW��8�RX��t0�X�e�R�l�����bӍvIO>D�G��%�ǣ�rQN&0�Jx� h�tRmk�0�+�}sפi� ����@�0e�Y 5�i�p�~I�)J�.�{��=�M&��i�?�. More experimentation on cross-breeding could give clues on the genetic origin of the proteins responsible for this resistance. CHICKPEA BREEDING AND MANAGEMENT Edited by S.S. Yadav Pulse Research Laboratory, Division of Genetics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New … A number of improved varieties (e.g. Besides conventional breeding the breeder will apply molecular breeding tools to facilitate the rapid development of new varieties with enhanced biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, and high quality. �����S��lڊ��D@p�}����Jq%���os�"�.���`�Ul�^�� ?�Y�A�3��F���������5����y�8��bn�l2����b��y��%�Fq2KӇ��D�7��U�R���? Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum or garbanzo beans) are large roundish legumes, that look rather like a large round pea with an interesting bumpy surface.A staple of Middle Eastern, African and Indian cuisines, the chickpea is the world's second most widely grown legume after the soybean, and one of the eight founder crops of the origins of agriculture on our planet. 3 !1AQa"q�2���B#$R�b34r��C%�S���cs5���&D�TdE£t6�U�e���u��F'���������������Vfv��������7GWgw�������� 5 !1AQaq"2����B#�R��3$b�r��CScs4�%���&5��D�T�dEU6te����u��F���������������Vfv��������'7GWgw������� ? 30 0 obj <>>>/Contents Jimbour, Moti) had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. >>endobj 32 0 obj <>>>/Contents[152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 33 0 obj <>>>/Contents[156 0 R 157 0 R 158 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 Chickpea Breeding: Page 34 . Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea, chana, and chole. Gentic yield gains from decadal breeding efforts were 80 kg/ha/year for chickpea and 52 kg/ha/yr for lentil. 2019;9(2):355‒362. CDC Chickpea Breeding objectives Key Quality Traits Seed appearance (size, shape, colour) Processing (canning for kabuli, milling for desi) Nutritional characteristics Specialty market classes (eg. However, knowledge of the root traits of Australian adapted chickpea material is very limited. [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 20 0 obj <>>>/Contents[100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 21 0 obj <>>>/Contents[104 0 R 105 0 R 106 0 R] a.2.6 GrDc’s chickpea-breeding investment A highly coordinated chickpea-breeding program commenced in Australia in 2005, but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. 121 0 R 122 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 26 0 obj <>>>/Contents[124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj Chickpea seeds are high in protein.It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Several improved varieties had been released in the period before the current investment commenced. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00448 polygenic in nature and selection for such mutations can be Download full-text PDF. Jul 29, 2020 Contributor By : Jir? Key words: chickpea breeding, functional genomics, genetic map, pathogen resistance, stress tolerance Summary Chickpea is a cool season grain legume of exceptionally high nutritive value and most versatile food use. 2. green desi, black desi) Key traits for sustaining chickpea production in SK … Excellent progress has been made in developing short-duration varieties with high resistance to fusarium wilt. Breeding for tolerant chickpea that is widely adaptable to various growth conditions and diverse growing regions is the best strategic approach but requires a fine-tuned combination of advanced phenotyping and genotyping methods. Effect of Drought on Chickpea Drought is responsible for 40%–45% of chickpea yield losses across the globe [12]. 13/13/2015 Chick pea Halala R. Qader 2. definition: The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. The major abiotic and biotic stresses that adversely affect yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) include drought, heat, fusarium wilt, ascochyta blight and pod borer. � , , , ������ U/�p�4�\�/qOֵ��n���7yOO��F�6����L0�q~S��U�fU�xj���2/�P. [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 18 0 obj <>>>/Contents[92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 19 0 obj <>>>/Contents[96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R]/MediaBox However, the efforts have already been directed towards the chickpea improvement by the utilization of the genomics and biotechnological tools. Previous the chickpea breeding program. technology in chickpea will improved the breeding program of chickpea and decrease the time to develop new cultivars. Principal Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) ICRISAT, Patancheru Hyderabad 502 324, AP Email: p.gaur@cgiar.org Tel: +91-40-30713356; 09866080915 Fax: +91-40-30713074/30713075 S Srinivasan Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) IIPR -Kanpur Dr S K Chaturvedi Principal Scientist (Chickpea Breeding) and Head, Division of Crop Improvement, <>>>/Contents[120 0 R An Australian highly coordinated chickpea breeding program commenced in 2005 but improvement via selection began in the 1970s. %PDF-1.3 green desi, black desi) Key traits for sustaining chickpea production in SK Key Agronomic Traits •Yield •Resistance to ascochyta blight Finally, the chickpea product profiles developed in this report need to be reviewed and revised periodically in order for the chickpea-breeding program to remain relevant and aligned with the dynamic market demands. 0 FIGURE 3: Shift in chickpea area from northern India to Central and Southern India. 3 Introduction Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also called garbanzo bean or Bengal gram, is an Old World pulse and one of the seven Neolithic founder crops in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East(1).Currently, chickpea is grown in over 50 countries across the Indian [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 14 0 obj <>>>/Contents[76 0 R 77 0 R 78 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 15 0 obj <>>>/Contents[80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R]/MediaBox endstream endobj startxref Citation: Kumar S, Katna G, Sharma N. Mutation breeding in chickpea.Adv Plants Agric Res. ��? 933 0 obj <> endobj However, knowledge of the root traits of Australian adapted chickpea material is very limited. During 1964-65 to 2008-09, the chickpea The availability of early maturing and high yielding varieties helped in expansion of area in central and southern India. NSW DPI and DAFF have also collaborated on breeding chickpeas since 1983. [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 12 0 obj <>>>/Contents[68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 13 0 obj <>>>/Contents[72 0 R 73 0 R 74 0 R]/MediaBox �q��y���b�o�X���6����=~#d,G�1a�\�+,Q��� �k�D�xik�#�8��o�б{�`Ӻ������zB�/2�K�8�z��p�c�s�VI���y~K�6ٮ�.�ɲ�H3��3H���jVǜ�4�81�;�f���Cg�\۽Y%�&y��� ���w [0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 16 0 obj <>>>/Contents[84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R]/MediaBox[0 0.02 494.65 666.72]>>endobj 17 0 obj <>>>/Contents[88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R]/MediaBox Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important pulse crop grown and consumed all over the world, especially in the Afro-Asian countries.It is a good source of carbohydrates and protein, and protein quality is considered to be better than other pulses. 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chickpea breeding pdf

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