F) Jute Fibre Extraction On average, jute yields four times more fibre per acre than flax. Jute matting is used to prevent flood erosion while natural vegetation becomes established. It is totally Eco-friendly and biodegradable product. Kenaf Fibre – Miracle Crop to Boost the West African Economy. Burlap bags are used to ship and store grain, fruits and vegetables, flour, sugar, animal feeds, and other agricultural commodities. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. CBC made of jute comes in two types. The plant’s light green leaves are 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, about 2 inches (5 cm) wide, have serrated edges, and taper to a point. Wa-terlogging in general increases disease intensity. Jute plants clean the air by consuming large quantities of CO2, which is the main cause of the greenhouse effect. These properties are also why jute can be used in high performance technical textiles.[7]. Likewise, the Lugbara of Northwestern Uganda eat the leaves in a soup they call pala bi. Diversified byproducts from jute can be used in cosmetics, medicine, paints, and other products. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. In Nigeria, leaves of Corchorus olitorius are prepared in sticky soup called ewedu together with ingredients such as sweet potato, dried small fish or shrimp. Oyendrila Nath Contributor . To protect the Jute industry, parliament enacted the Jute Packaging Mandatory Act, 1987. The Plant Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Cor chorus capsular is) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). These have a slimy and slippery texture. Jute fibre’s primary use is in fabrics for packaging a wide range of agricultural and industrial commodities that require bags, sacks, packs, and wrappings. This article is about the vegetable fiber. This variety shows good sustainability in the Ganges Delta climate. Jute Cultivation in India: Conditions, Method, Production and Distribution! In contrast to most textile fibres which consist mainly of cellulose, jute fibres are part cellulose, part lignin. (i) Jute is called the golden fibre. Along with a closely related species called roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), the two species account for one-third of the world production of soft fibres used for packaging. Jute is a rainfed crop which is cultivated mainly in Bangladesh, India and Thailand which account for more than 90 percent of world production. This fertile geographic region is shared by both Bangladesh and India (mainly West Bengal). d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering . Fibre from C. olitorius, an upland species with long pods, is but little inferior. Some noted disadvantages include poor drapability and crease resistance. The largest importers of raw jute fibre are Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, Belgium, and France. Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. Jute requires a warm and humid climate with temperature between 24 deg C to 37 deg C. Constant rain or water-logging is harmful. ... Kenaf’s soft fibre is very similar to jute. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta.. Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. Day, and K. K. Mahalanabis. Kozlowski, R., and S. Manys. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. The geotextiles can be used more than a year and the bio-degradable jute geotextile left to rot on the ground keeps the ground cool and is able to make the land more fertile. The jute textile industry, Bengal’s counterpart to Bombay’s cotton industry, developed in the wake of the Crimean War (1853–56), which, by cutting off Russia’s supply of raw hemp to the jute mills of Scotland, stimulated the export of raw jute from Calcutta to Dundee. The crop is ready for harvesting when the flowers begin to fade. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. Jute butts, the coarse ends of the plants, are used to make inexpensive cloth. India’s own jute-processing industry began in 1855, Calcutta becoming the major centre. Jute plays a very important role in the socio-economic activities of the Bangladesh. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. "Small-Scale Jute Spinning: An Analysis". Jute has the major export potential contributing to Rs.1, 000 to 1,200 crores annually to the India economy. Chattopadhyay, S. N., N. C. Pan, and A. Jute’s single largest use, however, is in sacks and bags, those of finer quality being called burlap, or hessian. Jute fibres are also made into twines and rough cordage. Go for jute: Let Mother Earth breathe S. Jute … In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in slow running water. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. The bast fibre is obtained from C. capsularis, a species with round pods which is grown in lowland areas subject to inundation. Above the water lily are four stars and three connected jute leaves. The fibre is extracted from jute plant after natural processing (fibre extraction). An olitorius jute crop producing 3 t ha-1 of dry fibre absorbs 111 kg N, 64 kg P 2 O 5. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. It is highly functional for carrying grains or other agricultural products. It is totally Eco-friendly and biodegradable product. In 1863…, Flax, hemp, jute, and kenaf are characterized by a high proportion of long, flexible bast fibres that are readily separated and purified from the other materials in the plant. It is mainly cultivated in the eastern part of India and Bangladesh. The bast fibre is obtained from C. capsularis, a species with round pods which is grown in lowland areas subject to inundation. Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is a variety thought native to South Asia. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. Jute mats and rugs are made both by powerloom and handloom in large volume in Kerala, India. The future of jute as a golden fibre and cash crop is obviously bright and the general masses must take more active interest to promote such a harmless and environmentally friendly crop. It is mainly cultivated in the eastern part of India and Bangladesh. Jute is a vegetable fibre, mostly grown in tropical countries like India and Bangladesh. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. [15], Jute is in great demand due to its cheapness, softness, length, lustre and uniformity of its fiber. 199 kg K 2 O, 175 kg CaO and 42 kg Mg ha-1. The model covers 27 countries and regions and consists of estimated behavioural equations for the area and yield per ha of jute, as well as for demand, exports and imports of jute fibre and jute products. The jute plant’s fibres lie beneath the bark and surround the woody central part of the stem. British jute barons grew rich by processing jute and selling manufactured products made from it. The jute plant’s fibres lie beneath the bark and surround the woody central part of the stem. The cook cuts jute leaves into shreds and adds them to the soup, which normally also contains ingredients such as meat or fish, pepper, onions, and spices. Why Jute. Jute is in great demand because of the cheapness, softness, strength, length, lustre and uniformity of its fibre. Let’s take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it’s so eco-friendly. Jute, as a natural fibre, has many inherent advantages like lustier, high tensile strength, low extensibility, moderate heat and fire resistance and long staple lengths. Maulik, S. R. "Chemical Modification of Jute". It is a lightly woven fabric made from natural fibers that is used for soil erosion control, seed protection, weed control, and many other agricultural and landscaping uses. Jute is also used to make ghillie suits, which are used as camouflage and resemble grasses or brush. (b) High temperature is required during the time of growth. Jute was used in traditional textile machinery as fibers having cellulose (vegetable fiber content) and lignin (wood fiber content). But it "A Novel Process of Dyeing of Jute Fabric Using Reactive Dye". As jute fibers are also being used to make pulp and paper, and with increasing concern over forest destruction for the wood pulp used to make most paper, the importance of jute for this purpose may increase. Most varieties grow best in well-drained, sandy loam and require warm, humid climates with an average monthly rainfall of at least 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to 10 cm) during the growing season. Tomlinson, Jim. 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