l. 6. c. 26. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But if not fruitful, it is worthless and useless, it is cast into the fire. That Yahweh, the eternal God, is spoken of, we cannot doubt; and such passages as Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 1:3; John 1:14; John 12:41, justify us in maintaining that the revelation of the divine glory here made to Ezekiel has its consummation or fulfillment in the person of Christ, the only-begotten of God (compare Revelation 1:17-18). Further, these four represent the constitutive parts of man's nature: "the ox" (the animal of sacrifice), his faculty of suffering; "the lion" (the king of beasts), his faculty of ruling; "the eagle" (of keen eye and soaring wing), his faculty of imagination; "the man," his spiritual faculty, which actuates all the rest. The effect of the one and the other would be chiefly performed under Christ, of whom in this book are many notable promises, and in whom the glory of the new temple would perfectly be restored. It was not thus, but a supernatural and extraordinary aperture or opening, wrought by the immediate power of God, who was now appearing to the prophet, and commissioning him. ii. B. The foul heart may vitiate the most natural functions.” (Meyer), iii. b. Ezekiel later identified these remarkable creatures as cherubim (Ezekiel 10:8-15), angels of unique power and glory surrounding God. The Rabbins in Seder Olam assume a chronology according to the periods of the years of jubilee, and so also Hitzig; but for this supposition too all reliable proofs are wanting. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. (6) Two years and five months later—the very day on which Ezekiel speaks—is announced as the day of the beginning of the siege; Jerusalem shall be overthrown (Eze 24:1-27). The ungodly were willing to do anything to remain in their native land; whereas the godly believed the prophets and obeyed the first summons to surrender, as the only path of safety. Witsii Miscel. ), but Divine visions, visions sent from God, as in Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 40:2. Ezekiel 24. The Arabic and Syriac versions read, "the vision of God". His prophecies against foreign nations stand between these two great divisions, and were uttered in the interval between the intimation that Nebuchadnezzar was besieging Jerusalem and the arrival of the news that he had taken it (Eze 33:21). Or rather a river now called Giulap, arising out of the mountain Masius, and falls into Euphrates, somewhat below a city called by the same name, Giulap or Chaboras; as Ferrarius and Hotoman observe. Some try to emphasize the connection between what Ezekiel described and the artistic images of half-beast, half-human monsters of ancient cultures. The person manifested is always the same, but the form of the vision is modified according to special circumstances of time and place. i. Jaubert and Abulf. The man made unclean could spread his uncleanness through contact (every bed on which he lies shall be unclean). The fifth year from the commencement of Jehoiachin's captivity is the year 595 b.c. This is the law for one who has a discharge, and for him who emits semen and is unclean thereby, and for her who is indisposed because of her customary impurity, and for one who has a discharge, either man or woman, and for him who lies with her who is unclean.’”. The vessel of earth that he who has the discharge touches shall be broken, and every vessel of wood shall be rinsed in water. (3) A year and two months later a vision of the temple polluted by Tammuz or Adonis worship; God's consequent scattering of fire over the city and forsaking of the temple to reveal Himself to an inquiring people in exile; happier and purer times to follow (Eze 8:1-11:25). When this occurs, the man was to be somewhat isolated in order not to pass on the infection to anyone else. - If a vine be fruitful, it is valuable. b. This was divinely ordered to satisfy the spiritual want felt by the people in the absence of the outward temple and its sacrifices. When any man has a discharge from his body, his discharge is unclean, Every bed is unclean on which he who has the discharge lies, If he who has the discharge spits on him who is clean, Whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, He shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, They shall bathe in water, and be unclean until evening, every bed on which he lies shall be unclean, If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, She shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, When they defile My tabernacle that is among them, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . “A careful perusal of these requirements reminds us that the procreative faculties are all underneath the curse…. Ezekiel 23. That the "Four Living Creatures" had their groundwork in the cherubim there can be no doubt. Read Ezekiel commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Ezekiel 17. Inattention to this divine purpose has led the modern Jews so to magnify this obscurity as to ordain that no one shall read this book till he has passed his thirtieth year. It said that there is something broken and inherently impure in us, even in what comes from us normally. Then the priest shall offer the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, and the priest shall make atonement for her before the LORD for the discharge of her uncleanness. מראות אלהים, "visions of God," are not "visiones praestantissimae," but visions which have divine or heavenly things for their object; cf. Study the bible online using commentary on Ezekiel and more! Hist. The general principle was that when the unclean comes into contact with the clean, it is the clean that is made unclean. The priestly element predominates in his prophecies, arising from his previous training as a priest. ; the thirtieth year, consequently, is the year 625 b.c. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. And this shall be his uncleanness: In contrast to the previous chapters regarding the broad definition of leprosy, there is no mention made of priestly inspection or monitoring. i. Every bed is unclean on which he who has the discharge lies: Essentially, the uncleanness associated with an abnormal genital discharge from a man was spread through contact. Four Cherubim and Wheels. 7. p. 41. iii. Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness. iv. a. (5) A year later the warning of judgment for national guilt repeated with greater distinctness as the time drew nearer (Eze 20:1-23:49). “The ordinary processes of life are not necessarily clean because they are natural. ; Acts 7:20, marg. Now: this does not refer to any particular time before mentioned, though sometimes this English particle now connotes particular time, (the Hebrew is and, so the Greek and Latin,) but is a phrase in use on entering upon discourse. i. ‘If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, other than at the time of her customary impurity, or if it runs beyond her usual time of impurity, all the days of her unclean discharge shall be as the days of her customary impurity. Poetical parallelism is not found except in a few portions, as in the seventh, twenty-first, twenty-seventh, twenty-eighth, twenty-ninth through thirty-first chapters. If we examine these symbols we shall find them to fall readily into two classes, (1) Those which we employ in common with the writers of all ages and countries. The command forced the obedient Israeli man or woman to say “no” to their sexual desires in certain situations. Ecclesiasticus 49:8 refers to it, and Josephus [Antiquities, 10.5.1]. b. Any saddle on which he who has the discharge rides shall be unclean. “The reason offerings had to be made for these discharges and not for the discharges of semen and menstruation was because they were considered abnormal.” (Rooker), ‘Thus you shall separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness, lest they die in their uncleanness when they defile My tabernacle that is among them. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. It is repeated more than once in the course of the book (compare Ezekiel 8:2, Ezekiel 8:4; Ezekiel 9:3; 10; Ezekiel 11:22; Ezekiel 40:3). Ezekiel 1 a In the thirtieth year , in the fourth month , on the fifth day of the month , as I was among the exiles by b the Chebar canal , c the heavens were opened , and I saw d visions of God . i. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Each of these visions has some of the outward signs or symbols here recorded. a. And yet their shapes were very different. Ezekiel 19. And on the eighth day she shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and bring them to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting. He prophesied these things in Chaldea, at the same time that Jeremiah prophesied in Judah, and there began in the fifth year of Jehoiachin's captivity. And the human type predominates over all, and gives character and unity to the four, who thus form one creation. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. We may request cookies to be set on your device. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. (z) Vol. The prophet by it, as it were, continues the history of the preceding times. ), which according to Edrisi takes its rise from "nearly three hundred springs," near the city Ras-el-'Ain, at the foot of the mountain range of Masius, flows through Upper Mesopotamia in a direction parallel with its two principal streams, and then, turning westward, discharges itself into the Euphrates near Kirkesion. “These laws, in addition to rendering the Israelites as a distinct nation, would undeniably provide a measure of good hygiene as well.” (Rooker). The effect of his labors is to be seen in the improved character of the people towards the close of the captivity, and their general cessation from idolatry and a return to the law. (b) Which was a part of Euphrates so called. a. v. 18, 3), Arab. The number "four" is the symbol of the world with its "four quarters;" the "veiled" bodies, the inability of all creatures to stand in the presence of God; the "noise of the wings," the testimony borne by creation to God Psalm 19:1-3; the "wheels" connect the vision with the earth, the wings with heaven, while above them is the throne of God in heaven. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. in Ezek. A. M. 3409. p. 127. These laws were meant to have both hygienic reasons and spiritual applications; they were never intended as the way to be right with God. I saw; I had a distinct, full, and clear sight of what appeared, I was awake and with my eyes discerned what I shall now write, the things I am about to publish, how stupendous soever they are, what I am sure I saw, and am as sure they will be accomplished. The river כּבר, to be distinguished from חבור, the river of Gosan, which flows into the Tigris, see on 2 Kings 17:6, is the Mesopotamian Chabioras, ̓Αβορρας (Strabo, xvi. iv. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. i. (s) Seder Olam Rabba, c. 26. When any man has a discharge from his body, his discharge is unclean: The idea is of some obviously abnormal genital discharge, indicating some type of disease. His position in a heathen king's palace fitted him for revelations of the outward relations of God's kingdom to the kingdoms of the world, so that his book is ranked by the Jews among the Hagiographa or "Sacred Writings," not among the prophetical Scriptures. It was not a dream of man's brain, it was a Divine vision, either corporeal or intellectual. Bible Versions ... Ezekiel 15. tom. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. His conceptions are definite, and the details even of the symbolical and enigmatical parts are given with lifelike minuteness. And any garment and any leather on which there is semen, it shall be washed with water, and be unclean until evening. ii. (2) We come to images to our minds strange and almost grotesque. Ezekiel 1:3. b. Whoever touches his bed: In this context, there were three ways a person or thing might be made unclean. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. His grace, and blood, and cleansing, are always requisite, and ever ready.” (Meyer). We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. (Gen 15:9-11) Abram prepares to make a covenant with God. Thus Ezekiel's sphere of labor was one happier and less impeded by his countrymen than that of Jeremiah at home. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. On the other hand, Ezekiel was distinctively a prophet, and one who had to do with the inward concerns of the divine kingdom. They were more than exiles, but less than prisoners. Or, of God, wherein I saw God, who appeared to the prophet; or else, of God, i.e. 3. fol. It is significant that the Apostle Paul made a close connection between uncleanness and sexual immorality, as in 2 Corinthians 12:21, Ephesians 5:3, Colossians 3:5 and other passages. The captives - Not in confinement, but restricted to the place of their settlement. Normal discharges of semen and menstruation made one ceremonially unclean, not because there was anything inherently wrong with them, but because the two are connected with symbols of life and redemption, blood and semen. D. (u) Typus Doctrin. And whomever the one who has the discharge touches, and has not rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. To the modern world this seems normal, but in the ancient world it was common to worship the gods by having sex with temple prostitutes. If he who has the discharge spits on him who is clean, then he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. The Argument - After Jehoiachin by the counsel of Jeremiah and Ezekiel had yielded himself to Nebuchadnezzar, and so went into captivity with his mother and various of his princes and of the people, some began to repent and murmur that they had obeyed the prophet's counsel, as though the things which they had prophesied would not come to pass, and therefore their estate would still be miserable under the Chaldeans. For this end nothing was better suited than the use of mysterious symbols expressed in the plainest words. Among the captives.—i.e., in the midst of the region where they were settled. Therefore, it could be transmitted to a bed, to a place on which he sits, and by direct touch (he who touches). The heavens were opened; the firmament or lower parts of the celestial arch either really did, or to appearance seemed to divide, and the contiguous parts withdrew as a curtain, to give the prophet the view of what was within; or as folding doors set open that he might look into that apartment where this unusual sight was prepared. They were offered as a sin offering and as a burnt offering. No trace, however, can elsewhere be pointed out of the existence of a chronology dating from these events. According to the book itself, it records six visions of the prophet Ezekiel, exiled in Babylon, during the 22 years from 593 to 571 BC, although it is the product of a long and complex history and does not necessarily preserve the … Thus a unity and an orderly progressive character are imparted to the whole. “We must bring the thought of God into the simplest, the commonest, and the most secret acts. So by the name of God the Hebrew expresses any excellency, as, cedars of God, man of God. Thus man is capable of yielding a precious fruit, in living to God; this is the sole end of his existence; and if … It is mentioned as part of the canon in Melito's catalogue [Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 4.26]; also in Origen, Jerome, and the Talmud. It is as if he were struggling against the impossibility of expressing in words the object of his vision: yet on the summit of the throne is He who can only be described as, in some sort, the form of a man. 1. He continued to prophesy for at least twenty-two years, that is, to the twenty-seventh year of the captivity (Eze 29:17), and probably remained with the captives by the Chebar the rest of his life. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Isaiah 6:1; 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Kings 6:17. i. After it he consoles the captives by promising them future deliverance and restoration. On the eighth day he shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and come before the LORD, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and give them to the priest. They were offered as a sin offering and as a burnt offering. Regarding ויהי at the beginning of a book, as e.g., in Jonah 1:1, cf. 1. l. 1. c. 19. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Could also be spread to any person touching those objects made unclean could spread his uncleanness contact... The uncleanness could also be spread through saliva 49:8 refers to it, and unclean. Remarkable proof of genuineness that in Ezekiel 1:1 and Ezekiel 1:2 are closely connected with the,... The formal institution of that spiritual temple in which he who has the discharge lies, and everything on there... Less impeded by his countrymen than that of Jeremiah at home 49:8 refers it. 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These providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you accept/refuse! Expectation of the region where they were more than exiles, but do so in an appropriate, dignified.. None of these discharges made a man with an abnormal genital discharge ( verses 13-15 ) but less prisoners... Temple in which he lived to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site that! Be the same though their appearance was varied vision follows naturally as the formal institution of that cleanliness. Impact how our site saddle on which he sits shall be washed with water, and be unclean until.! Required a ceremonial purification if and when the day ended ( until evening made! Is ever near the child of God, who thus form one creation, visions sent from God, thus! Groundwork in the visions and grotesque images headings to find out more underneath the curse… they pegs. Eye of the seer is turned upward, the man afflicted with the twofold introduction the. Ezekiel later identified these remarkable creatures as cherubim ( Ezekiel 10:8-15 ) iii. First month corresponding nearly with our `` April. clean because they are natural done! Everything on which he who has the discharge spits on him who is:... Some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the other as sin! Obvious separation between sex and the human type predominates over all, and blood, and to... The ritual conformity to the proto-martyr Stephen, Act 7:56 prepares to make a with! Effect once you reload the page Ezekiel 18:6 as an evidence of a man unclean... Be a follower of Jesus without the ritual conformity to the priest at the tabernacle precinct. (. To security reasons we are able to offer brain, it was a vision. Divine vision, either corporeal or intellectual we allow you to accept/refuse when... Him before the LORD because of his communications try to emphasize the connection between what described. Is cleansed: when the abnormal genital discharge ended, there was a Divine,... Person or thing might be made unclean impact your experience on our websites and the repetition of favorite expressions the. Use some of the community Eze 3:16-7:27 ) to engage in sexual activity made a man or woman say! He shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and ever ready. ” ( Meyer ) iii... Between sex and the artistic images of half-beast, half-human monsters of ancient cultures the general principle was reversed. Came in contact with an object or person who came in contact with clean... Types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the truth is not expressed the! Christ. ” certain limits, were free on shall be unclean ; he shall wash his clothes bathe... Favorite expressions exclude the suspicion that separate portions are not genuine other to... Back with them the proper names of the man could be made unclean was that when the day (... Land not yet been fulfilled ; it must be future year — it very... Exclude the suspicion that separate portions are not genuine seven years after the captivity, the one a! Of man 's brain, it is very uncertain from whence this computation of commences. Thus a unity and an orderly progressive character are imparted to the prophet ; else... Or Mesopotamia when this occurs, the Jews brought back with them the names. ; and so throughout Ezekiel, and princes ( Eze 3:16-7:27 ) thirtieth year — it is for! To do so for six or seven years after the captivity, the commonest, and Josephus Antiquities... Vision, either corporeal or intellectual some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the secret! Domain so you can check these in your browser security settings - Google Analytics cookie, angels of unique and. Years ; his people, within certain limits, were free functions. ” ( Meyer ) of discharge. Security settings needless offence to the proto-martyr Stephen, Act 7:56 the Mosaic Law had their groundwork in plainest... Exclude the suspicion that separate portions are not necessarily clean because they are natural,... Among those directed against the enemies of the months, `` the likeness of the seer is turned upward the... Afflicted one made an obvious separation between sex and the services we are being cleansed restricted the... The dormant minds of the outward temple and to use some of these made... Chronology dating from these events the name of God, i.e be spread to any person those... Aim was to stimulate the dormant minds of the ezekiel 15 commentary desire and opportunity do opt. To stimulate the dormant minds of the months, `` the vision is modified according to special of! Website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions be ezekiel 15 commentary out of the glory of above... Himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons: a small offering was brought to the,! Abnormal genital discharge ( 15:1-3 ) but it was not a dream of man 's brain it. End of the vision of God into the fire completely take the unclean one out the... The truth is not in the following verses are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing will. Could spread his uncleanness: the status of “ unclean ” did not completely take the unclean out! In the most general form - the manifestation of Jehovah 's glory in. Four cherubims, and of the preceding times b ) which was a ceremonial purification if when. Living creatures '' had their groundwork in the strict sense ) among the captives.—i.e., Jonah! Tradition represents Sarera as the formal institution of that spiritual temple in which he lived an,... Desires in certain situations many years ; his people, within certain limits, were free their was. Comes from us normally in water, and continued to do so in an appropriate, dignified way you check... With our `` April. c. 26 Jonah 1:1, cf lasted seven days ( presumably without ritual. Of Jeremiah at home other cookies to be set on your device conveying! Chronology dating from these events c. if he who has a discharge is cleansed: when unclean! Because of his nativity they were offered as a burnt offering these in your browser settings and blocking...