By presenting students with viewpoints far different from their own, it gives them the opportunity to think critically about their own … This is a Buzzed video that models a lesson that a teacher did on teaching privilege and social class to his students. Describe your awareness of other students’ social classes when you were in school. Megan Sumeracki. In a research paper that went to press at the very end of 2016 (2), Sébastien Goudeau and Jean-Claude Croizet begin to address these questions. A great deal of research has demonstrated a relationship between social class and academic achievement (1). How did it affect you socially in school? Some suggestions for making sure the classroom stays accessible and equitable: give students with physical or learning disabilities the support they need to enter the lesson alongside their peers. Understanding social class as culture is a relatively recent idea, yet the research conducted thus far illustrates the influence class position can have on people’s behavior and identity. Introduce 'the world' to the class, sharing insights about travels, the world's diverse cultures, languages, religions and traditions. Your school is already full of students and staff with diverse and amazing backgrounds, abilities and skills! Which voices are speaking in your classroom? As mentioned, each student learns in different ways. Students in integrated schools are more likely to have higher test scores and to enroll in college. Each of these classes has sub-classes within it. But a. According to. Hidden advantages and disadvantages of social class: How classroom settings reproduce social inequality by staging unfair comparison. In general, most students are comfortable interacting with people, behaviors, and ideas that they are familiar with but react with fear and apprehension when faced with the unfamiliar. However, making students aware of the fact that some are more familiar with the tasks, due to extra training, can mitigate these issues. When students were done answering a question they were instructed to raise their hand to signal that they were done with a question. If you want to tackle the issue of diversity in the classroom for your school, then this post is for you. The researchers then used the same hand raising procedure with one group of students while the other group of students did not raise their hands when they knew the answer to a problem. This essential resource helps educators tackle common and challenging dilemmas that arise in today’s classroom—such as diversity, privilege, and intersectionality. Results indicated that, again, students who were more familiar with the task performed better than students less familiar with the task. Dimensions in social diversity There are many obvious and visible dimensions in which the human is diverse: height, weight, age, hair, color, among others. Celebrate Diversity: ... As the teacher, your positive attitude about inclusion sets the tone for the rest of the class. DOI: 10.1177/0956797616676600. Participate in school events and visit different clubs or after-school activities. Even more significant is teaching students the importance of acknowledging and accepting these differences as they make each individual unique. However, in some classrooms, the students were told that some classroom peers were more familiar with the task because they had better training. Other options for staying in touch and building relationships with parents and neighbours: . Start slowly and intentionally. employed active learning in the classroom, encouraged student input, and included perspectives of women and minorities in their coursework.8 Benefits for Students Numerous research studies have examined the impact of diversity on students and educational outcomes. How to Incorporate Cultural Diversity in the Classroom When your students meet members of their community, they get to see examples of people from different backgrounds succeeding in their field and might be inspired to think differently about their own future. No Hand Raising: In this condition, achievement differences were not visible. It’s important to always hire the best candidate for the position, regardless of their background. Game Based Learning - Questions per Session, Most people would say it’s to learn the three R’s: reading, writing and ‘rithmetic. That’s a great thing to know, but what does diversity in the classroom look like in action? This conversation shouldn’t just be limited to words — in order to make effective change, you need to take practical steps to address inequality when you encounter it, such as: Shut down discrimination whenever you hear it, Use language that promotes positivity and doesn’t reinforce existing stereotypes (for example, the phrase “boys will be boys” shouldn’t be used to justify sexism or aggression), Respond effectively to inappropriate comments or actions. A great deal of research has demonstrated a relationship between social class and academic achievement … Thus, highlighting different starting points during a task leads to lower ability students to perform even worse. In an increasingly fragmented society, the ability to connect with peers, coworkers and neighbours with diverse backgrounds and abilities is invaluable. Could you see the differences among the social classes? Classrooms were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: Hand Raising: In this condition, achievement differences between students were made visible. Inclusion in the classroom is good for every student's social and emotional development. The researchers showed that educational contexts can amplify achievement gaps between social classes. Avoiding stereotypes in examples and resources. The racial achievement gap is also smaller at these schools. Children go to school to be prepared for the workforce, so teaching must effectively address and embrace the realities that come with living and working in a diverse school, community and country. If students see that you’re invested in school culture, they’ll be more likely to also participate. All you have to do is start highlighting that diversity. Diversity in the classroom may include: exceptionalities, culture, language, learning style and gender. Diverse classrooms have social and cognitive benefits, according to research. Planning a lesson is just as important as the execution of the lesson; especially if your class will discuss sensitive topics or ideas. If possible, teach literature from authors of color. All the students in your school are unique individuals, so use that fact to build a... 3. One of the best ways to foster an inclusive environment in the classroom is by... 2. Cumulatively, these studies provide extensive evidence Highlight the diversity of your classroom to the students. : While learning about the gold rush, students write diaries from a wide range of historical actors like mine workers and owners, but also from the perspective of women and immigrants that worked alongside them. Challenging any negative attitudes. This can include anything from speech-to-text software, talking calculators for students with dyscalculia, or modified computer accessories for students with physical disabilities. Here is how you create an inclusive climate in your class. Creating an all-inclusive culture for staff and students. Are classrooms arranged to mitigate the effects of social class on academic achievement? In the first study, 6th graders from both upper-middle-class families and working-class families took a difficult reading comprehension test. For students who were highly familiar with the task, talking about whether the students were familiar with the task had no effect on their performance. If it’s difficult to change your existing curriculum, use the opportunity to ask students why different perspectives aren’t included and challenge them to apply critical thinking skills. A staff that reflects diversity in the classroom will expose your students to different ideas and teaching styles, and make them stronger as a result. Ask students, parents and neighbours to bring in non-perishable food items to donate to the local food bank, to communicate school news and events to parents. Are they meeting academic achievement standards, or are they struggling? Report of the APA Task Force on Socioeconomic Status. What kind of socio-economic situation do they live in, broadly speaking? But in the world of social relations and self-concepts of people, the dimensions that are most handled-and in which people most are reflected or identified-are race and, in … Home Race/Ethnicity Social Class Ability Sexuality Language Gender Social Class Learning About Privilege. Remove existing markers of inequality in your school. Treating all staff and students fairly and equally. By Megan Smith. Don’t be afraid to admit when you don’t know the answer, but always try to keep learning and growing. For Teachers, For Researchers, Learning Scientists Posts. The same report also found that effectively integrated schools had less misbehavior, lower dropout levels and noticed that students were more likely to want to pursue post-secondary education. https://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/task-force-2006.pdf, (2) Goudeau, S., & Croizet, J. C. (2017). 7 ways to encourage a culture of diversity in your school 1. Establish rules from the beginning that promote equality in the classroom. Some of the projects they’re working on to promote diversity in the classroom include: : To learn about homelessness and civic engagement, students write letters to the mayor and use their creative skills to produce awareness materials like posters and songs. How did that affect your education? Clearly post the guidelines and review them with students. … In study 2, the researchers tested the idea that working-class students underperform because of lower familiarity with academic culture, and highlighting these differences leads to even lower performance. Embracing Diversity in Education 10 Ways to make Diversity in the Classroom work. students were told explicitly not to signal when they were done with a question. But, when students were not very familiar with the task, the hand-raising procedure led to lower performance. Which voices are speaking in your classroom? Gender diversity in the classroom, as well as gender diversity in the workplace, can play a role in our lives. : Students who speak Spanish at home help teach their classmates and teachers how to pronounce and translate a Spanish song. Diversity expresses itself in so many different ways, so it can be daunting to try and start conversations around bringing it to the classroom. The same article goes on to point out that even the appearance of diversity (and with it, the suggestion that different opinions exist) makes us change how we approach issues. Sign up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your inbox. Here are some great resources and organizations to get you started: : This resource is for teachers, school leaders, students and parents alike. . Before you … Teaching Tolerance provides free resources to educators—teachers, administrators, counselors and other practitioners—who work with children from kindergarten through high school. We’ll cover: A quick definition of what diversity in the classroom means for your school, Why diversity in the classroom setting is  important, 7 ways to promote diversity in your school and community. The students read a difficult text (designed for 7th graders) and then answered 15 questions presented one-at-a-time on a screen. Diversity in the Classroom Delores Harris November,2013 “To keep the Golden Rule we must put ourselves in other people’s places. This can lead to students in lower social classes, or with lower familiarity with a task, to perform even worse than they would have. It provides a model for building a culturally responsive curriculum and includes in-service activities, strategies for teaching and offers an analysis of racial inequality in the current school system. This book examines common issues educators face when teaching social justice and diversity-related courses and offers best practices for addressing them. This means: Setting clear rules in regards to how people should be treated. 6. But, for students who had low familiarity with the task, being made aware of a previous disadvantage led to better performance than when the disadvantage wasn’t mentioned. (For even more ideas about classroom teaching strategies, read our, The vast majority of teachers in the United States are white and female. All the students in your school are unique individuals, so use that fact to build a diverse and inclusive school culture. Up to this point, it seems that highlighting differences between groups of students who are more or less familiar with a task through hand raising leads to the disadvantaged students performing even worse. Alright. We commend this California high school instructor for encouraging essential #21stcenturyskills, such as communication and social/diversity awareness, through collaboration in the classroom. Get to know your students. “To understand an idea is to understand the ideas that surround it, including those that stand in contrast to it. ... and using genuine praise in the classroom. However, we do not fully understand all of the ways social class leads to differing levels of academic achievement. Students in the classroom come from differing backgrounds and home environments, and certainly some students begin school with a greater advantage than others. An instructor includes classroom policies in the syllabusthat underscore respect, attentive listening, civil dialogue, honesty, and patience, regardless of background or appearance. Some students were given extra training on the task. In her examination of the effects of diversity in the class-room, Marin (2000) systematically looked at class-room dynamics and developed a model for maximizing the positive effects of diversity… Fair does not equal same — fair means making sure that every student has what he or she needs to succeed both personally and academically. According to a report by the Center for Teaching Excellence, by the end of the 1990s, women began outnumbering men at U.S. colleges. That is, whose stories do you tell? . While diversity is the essential property of the L2 classroom, and so has been historically easier to recognize in that classroom, the ideological problem result- ing from the conflict between the individualist and multiculturalist approaches When diversity is not a priority and these students don’t feel included, they’re more likely to not participate and feel inferior to their peers. Students in the classroom come from differing backgrounds and home environments, and certainly some students begin school with a greater advantage than others. These case study scenarios and case analysis framework were written by Paul C. Gorski and Seema Pothini for their co-authored book, Case Studies on Diversity and Social Justice Education, published in 2014 by Routledge.The book contains more than 35 school- and classroom-based cause study scenarios related to issues like race, class… In today's classroom, teachers encounter a diverse student body. Examine your teaching materials. The upper-middle-class students were not affected by the hand-raising procedure. Dressing up lets children literally step into someone else’s shoes. Or, are they further widening the gap? If you ignore the issue of diversity in the classroom and choose to not promote diversity in your school, you’re not doing your job. Figure recreated from Study 3 in Gondeau & Croizet, 2017 (2). For an illustrated definition of diversity, this video breaks down what the United States would look like if it were just a group of 100 people: These realities are already reflected in your school, and it’s important for you to address them. Hire earlier in the year to reach more in-demand candidates, Support principal preparation programs, including actively recruiting teachers and supporting their professional development. Set an example with your behavior. The presence of diversity in the classroom allows students to consider perspectives and opinions beyond those they’ve already formed or were shaped in early life by family and friends. Listen to what others around you are saying, and look for feedback and ways to continuously improve. https://t.co/fnxu1AScJG https://t.co/fnxu1AScJG, Help Your Child Who's Struggling with Math. Play dress-up. How to Bring Diversity in The Classroom 1. all allow teachers to help learners with different needs. Take the time to learn about your students: Where do they come from? In other words, highlighting performance gaps with no explanation for the gap can make the gap even wider! And how can you promote it in your school? Students in from upper-middle-class families performed better on the reading comprehension questions than those from working-class families, though this result is not surprising in light of previous research. Schools are a central part of the community, and should reflect and celebrate its diversity. Asking students to raise their hand to signal their achievement (when they knew an answer) highlights differences in performance between students, making it more visible. Uniform standards can’t apply to a diverse classroom, so start working with your teachers to establish different approaches for students with different learning needs. Different types of diversities in a classroom can if not recognized, and accommodated for hinder the learning environment. Social, cognitive, and academic benefits. Diversity is an important element of any classroom alike. The goals of this teaching guide are threefold: 1) to discuss the importance of inclusivity in the classroom, 2) to present examples of teaching more inclusively, and 3) to provide additional resources for further … Your teachers will probably take on the bulk of the day-to-day efforts to promote diversity in the classroom. The purpose of the experiments was to examine whether typical classroom procedures, such as hand-raising, might highlight existing differences between students from working-class families and students from middle-class families, subsequently widening the achievement gap between students from these different backgrounds. So diversity is important to cultivate in your classroom because of the academic and social benefits. Psychological Science. Gender Diversity in the Classroom. Let students know that they can approach you with problems (or just to say hello), and then follow through on what they come to you with. Diversity improves critical-thinking skills, builds empathy and encourages students to think differently. Print Version. When you know your students and understand their strengths and weaknesses, you’ll be better equipped to promote diversity and work with teachers to address the challenges and opportunities that come with a focus on diversity in the classroom. In typical educational and social settings there is a marked tendency for students to exhibit classic in-group/out-group behaviors. When schools take inclusive and responsive approaches to diversity, students are more likely to see their identify represented in classroom materials or other students. Take infractions seriously and inform parents when necessary. To directly study this, the researchers manipulated how familiar students were with academic standards in a task, which served as a proxy for social class. . These results suggest that highlighting the superior performance of their peers through hand-raising led to a decrease in their own performance. condensed list of the seven ways you can champion diversity in you school, study from the University of California, Los Angeles, 2018 study from the Learning Policy Institute, Create or log in to your school leader account on Prodigy. Race, gender, sexual orientation, LGBTQ issues, ethnicity, and disability fall under the heading of diversity. Diversity in the classroom 1. As a school leader, you can directly impact the diversity of your faculty through hiring and recruitment efforts. Understand your students. An important part of promoting equity and diversity in your classroom is purposeful planning. They earn the majority … I actually found this video on Facebook but remembered … is an organization that offers professional development opportunities for schools, businesses and the general public on becoming culturally responsive, “moving below the superficial focus on culture.” They offer half to multi-day workshops, as well as coaching and online courses. Encourage them to come to you with any questions or concerns, and work with them to promote diversity in the classroom. Indeed, diversity is the only constant feature of L2 education. 2. The pattern of results was the same as from study 1. 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