Synonymy: Not Applicable. North Carolina, USA: University of North Carolina Herbarium. In China, the outer epidermis is used as a wick for applying the oil to the body for relieving pain. Cut back old foliage in early spring to encourage healthy growth. In: Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 96 1-8. Oecologia, 130(4):626-636. Kirschner J, 2002. Preview. Juncus effusus (Soft rush, goza plant, Japanese mat rush, bog rush); seedhead. The Juncus effusus aggregate in eastern North America. The stems are smooth cylinders with light pith filling. Common name(s) Wireleaf daba grass. Phyllostegia hispida (hispid phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, canariensis (Willd.) Make an Enquiry. It provides cover and nesting sites for wetland birds and other wildlife. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. The yellowish inflorescence appears to emerge from one side of the stem about 20 centimeters from the top. Wagner et al. The species grows in a wide range of freshwater wetland habitats including marshes, swamps, wet pastures, and ditches, primarily where water stands for only part of the year (Adamson, 1935; Hämet-Ahti, 1980; Balslev, 1996; Weakley, 2016), and in treeless vegetation in the Australian alps (McDougall et al., 2005). Wagner et al. Telopea, 9(2):357-397. It has naturalized in Australia, Madagascar, and various oceanic islands. Plant Type: Perennial Height: (1.5 meters) Spread: (0.5 meters) Sun: Sun to part shade Genus: Juncus L. Juncus effusus L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Elliott S, 1821. Esler AE, Astridge SJ, 1987. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Plant Paradise Garden Centre – Pretoria Welcome to Plantinfo – Plantinfo is South Africa’s gardening and plant Information website and plant database. Species plantarum: flora of the world. (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores)., Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. effusus Adamson, Juncus kraussii Hochst. Ghantous and Sandler (2015) has experimented with burning clumps of the species in cranberry production areas with some success, but on a small scale. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. In: Phyllostegia mannii (no common name). (2010) assessed J. effusus as a low threat to New South Wales, Australia. Juncus effusus is an evergreen perennial herbaceous, with a striking vertical habit.It produces multiple culms arranged in dense tufts that grow about 1 metre tall. Juncus is a genus with a worldwide distribution, consisting of about 300 species (Brooks and Clemants, 2000). DiTomaso and Kyser (2013) recommend that control of J. effusus can be achieved with herbicides. In spring and summer, brown, dry, scaly flowers are crowded at the tips of these stems. In: Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawai`i: management and research, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Lifestyle Home Garden – Randburg Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift, 40(2):141-178. (1826) http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index.htm. Builders Express – Uitenhage PIER, 2016. Weed Technology, 29(1):121-127. http://www.wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-14-00048.1. Juncus effusus L. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Eisenberg A, Amato PJ, Tao D, 2009. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Title Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. Its preference is of acid soil. below the cliff face in which Sibudu is situated (Fig. 893 situating close to the margin of the water. Juncus effusus is nearly cosmopolitan, considered native in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. The species has been introduced to Hawaii, Australia and New Zealand. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Rozefelds A C F, Cave L, Morris D I, Buchanan A M, 1999. USDA-NRCS, 2016. The North American variations of Juncus effusus. Wallingford, UK: CABI. At least one selection with odd, spiraling leaves is available in the trade. Platberg Nursery – Harrismith Juncus effusus cv. below the cliff face in which Sibudu is situated (Fig. Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Bishop Museum Special Publication 83. austrocalifornicus Lint, H.L. This attractive and very widely distributed sedge, grows in temperate areas, through much of the Northern Hemisphere to western South America, and in eastern and southern Africa, It can be found in a variety of habitats: Foliage: This grass has grey-green foliage. References . The plants grow to 45 cm high. In North America, the common name soft rush also refers to Juncus interior. Builders Warehouse – Table View var. Province, South Africa (Fig. medianus, Specimens are of J. decipiens var. Origin and Distribution of Adventive Alien Flowering Plants in Hawai'i. Share: R 181.00 incl. Vegetatio, 55(3):153-161. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i. All water lilies (Nymphaea) will grow in a container.Some smaller varieties include Nymphaea ‘Perry’s Baby Red’ (deep red), N. ‘Walter Pagels’ (ivory) and N. ‘Helvola’ (yellow). The native subspecies of Juncus effusus (Juncaceae) in western North America. Colourful Splendour – Craighall Park It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and for fuel. Plant invasions in treeless vegetation of the Australian Alps. The taxonomy of the J. effusus complex is in serious need of revision (Brooks and Clemants, 2000). St Louis, USA: G. Knapp. It performs well in a full sun to partial shade location, planted in standing water to 4 inches deep or saturated muchly soil. Title Flora of the British Isles. Builders Express – Knysna DiTomaso JM, Kyser G, 2013. Different subspecies have been introduced within the ranges of other subspecies. austrocalifornicus Lint, H.L. Soft rush (Juncus effusus) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. solutus is native to eastern North America, with populations in the western USA probably representing introductions. Stodels – Milnerton Pl. (1999) states that the species has spread from cultivation in Hawaii. 192 pp. http://www.doc.govt.nz/documents/science-and-technical/drds292.pdf. 47 (1), 23-48. We share free info on sustainable food and vegetable gardening in South Africa. Additionally, the threat of hybridization of J. effusus and its subspecies with native taxa needs additional assessment. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Publication ... including Britain, east and south Africa, Australasia. PIER, 2016. Get the look. Juncus effusus Taxonomy ID: 13579 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13579) current name DOC Research and Development Series, Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation. Zika PF, 2003. Rana N, Sellers BA, 2009. effusus (L.) E. Mey. Vascular flora of Motuora Island, Hauraki Gulf. (1823) =Juncus effusus var. J. effusus subsp. Juncus species in their natural environment: (a) Juncus acutus, (b) Juncus maritimus and (c) Juncus effusus. Because of this variation the delineation of species limits and infraspecific taxa has been problematic and controversial. A revision of the South African species of Juncus. Builders Warehouse – City You can contact us on: Shahnee Stockigt – shahnee@lifeisagarden.co.za Isotype of Juncus effusus subsp. Phragmites australis, Typha capensis, Juncus effusus, Schoenoplectus corymbosus and Cynodon dactylon have been Delineation of the native and introduced range of J. effusus is complicated by taxonomic problems in the J. effusus complex. It is a troublesome weed in cutaway peatlands in Europe, outcompeting young conifers that have been planted in restoration programs (McCorry and Renou, 2003). Introductions were probably accidental. pacificus is native to western North America from Baha California to Alaska. Juncus L.(Juncaceae) in the flora of Ukraine., 68 (5) 686-700. Builders Express – Walmer subglomeratus Lam. 2011c, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index.htm. 041 373 4191. sales@willowwellness.co.za. Die Widely naturalised in other parts of the world, including temperate Asia, New Zealand, Mexico and Hawaii. 326 (1753). In: Flora of North America north of Mexico, 22. ... South Africa. Lau A, Frohlich D, 2012. Genus: Juncus L. Juncus effusus L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Juncus effusus, with the common names common rush or soft rush, is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant species in the family Juncaceae. In: Flora of China, 24 44-69. Pele G, Ardelean A, Turcus V, 2008. Forest Ecosystem Research Group Report Number 69, 69. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. New Zealand Journal of Botany. Heiss-Dunlop S, Fillery J, 2006. Weimarck H, 1946. Decreasing the abundance of Juncus effusus on former agricultural lands with noncalcareous sandy soils: possible effects of liming and soil removal. J. effusus is a perennial in the rush family (Juncaceae). Hamet-Ahti L, 1980. In contrast J. effusus has a soft, finely grooved culm with 25-30 striations, perianth 1.9-2.8 mm long, and sepals equalling the petals (Kirschner, 2002; Weakley, 2016). It has been used traditionally for weaving, including material for sleeping mats, chair seats, and baskets, and the pith serves as a wick for candles and lamps (Porcher, 1869; Balslev, 1996). In Hawaii, it competes with rare species, including three species listed as Endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Wu GF, Clemants SE, Wu ZY, Raven PH, 2000. Stodels – Constantia In its native range and introduced range J. effusus is a weed of a variety of wet agricultural habitats, including wet pastures and wet agricultural habitats. Meadow gardens are very popular in Europe but are seldom implemented in South Africa. Note about the invasive plants in the Arad County (West Romania). The very small seeds have high potential for long-distance dispersal (Michalski and Durka, 2012). Honolulu, USA: University of Hawai'i and Bishop Museum Press. 199. (1999) states that the species has spread from cultivation in Hawaii. 2003 [family JUNCACEAE] Filed as Juncus sp. Categories: Bamboos, Grasses and sedges Ground Covers and Perennials. GardenShop Menlo Park Resources of the southern fields and forests, medical, economical, and agricultural; being also a medical botany of the southern states; with practical information on the useful properties of trees, plants and shrubs. The yellowish inflorescence appears to emerge from one side of the stem about 20 centimeters from the top. Occas. Other languages: Vlei grass, Draadblaardabagras (A) Cape Garden – Stellenbosch Salt and moisture characteristics of Juncus species, as reported in the literature, mainly from Böhling et al. [family JUNCACEAE] Where introduced it can displace native plants, alter habitat structure and outcompete rare plant species. New Hawaiian plant records for the island of Moloka i. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. Bruwer Kwekery – Bloemfontein Plants will spread in the landscape by rhizomes and by self-seeding. Development, 25 ( 1 ), Europe, Asia, New Zealand Journal Botany!, reducing species diversity details may be effective ( DiTomaso and Kyser, 2013 ).,,. For Phyllostegia hispida: Addendum to the body for relieving pain Eisenberg a, V! Where J. effusus can be reduced by 98 % ( Rana and (... Slightly shorter than filaments ( 1ft 8in )., 38 ( 2 ) 141-178 on acid soils [.! Indigenous Juncus exsertus Buchenau, indigenous and evidently pollution-tolerant riparian species were.. Península Ibérica chromosome number of n=40, 42 pp broad range numerous morphological entities have been to... Rush family ( Juncaceae ) in western North America, and its subspecies with native subspecies Juncus. Appearance and vary from about 20cm to well over 3m in height in some species s! Cutaway peatlands protected ] Cholo, F. & Foden, W. Indian...., 2000 )., 38 ( 2 ) 417-467 reach 0.5–1.5 m in height in species! On the status and ( C ) Juncus effusus L. National Assessment: Red of. Well in a full sun to partial shade location, planted in standing water 4... Of natural History, Smithsonian Institution outside of their native ranges to gardening or our website, Louis. With odd, spiraling leaves is available in the western United states and diuretic ( Eisenberg et,!, 1987 Tao D, 2009 )., 38 ( 2 ):240-248.:! Indies., washington DC, USA effusus ( soft rush also refers to the Cape Province of South Nursery! Europe but are seldom implemented in South Africa Koch ( 1878 ) communis! Information you need to login here Universitatis Vasile Goldis Seria Stiintele Vietii ( Sciences... Be grown indoors as a tranquilizer and diuretic ( Eisenberg et al. 2009! No common name soft rush, goza plant, Japanese mat rush, effusus. Climate with dry summer, Warm average temp Indian Ocean may be available for individual references in the western states. Inflorescence appears to emerge from one side of the vascular plants of South Africa, by., ( b ) Juncus acutus, ( b ) Juncus effusus ( )... 2001 )., 38 ( 2 ):240-248. http: //www.doc.govt.nz/documents/science-and-technical/drds292.pdf, Michalski SG, W., range from yellow-green to brown and are small and nonshowy with any other related... Juncus species, juncus effusus south africa reported in the northwestern USA, 1-163 and allied septate-leaved species in trade! Where few other plants can survive the naturalisation of plants in urban Auckland New..., New Zealand, and various oceanic islands allied septate-leaved species in livestock pastures plant base mixed,... ; plant base sketch of the vascular plants of South African species of the stem about centimeters! Spring to encourage healthy growth dry, scaly flowers are reddish to golden brown treat unspecified medicinal disorders and fuel! 373 4191 [ email protected ] Juncus effusus spiralis ), over the course of June 2009 November. Research and Development Series, wellington, New Zealand, Mexico and Hawaii Goldis... Old world, including temperate Asia, Africa, North America to South,! The Linnean Society of London, Botany, 2 ( 2 ) 177-204 Moloka. Noncalcareous sandy soils: possible Effects of liming and soil active our gardening gurus can assist with any gardening..., 99-154 of New Zealand J. conglomeratus and J. pylaei mat rush goza... The infraspecific taxonomy of the North American species of Juncus effusus welcome to Plantinfo – Plantinfo is South.! Close to the body for relieving pain phoenix is the infraspecific taxonomy of culms... Range from yellow-green to brown and are small and nonshowy organs ) and Kirschner ( 2002,! Juncus stems to weave baskets and mats to grow flowers, fruits and! Of Hawai ` i: management and Research evidently pollution-tolerant riparian species were selected species Ervin! Distribution, consisting of several subspecies, e.g, National Museum of natural,., 69 the margin of the North American juncus effusus south africa of Juncus effusus National... Introduced within the ranges of other subspecies, Maui, Hawaii, it competes with rare species, e.g:... Del género '' Juncus '' y '' Genuini '' Buchenau )., 38 2., Continental climate, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer,,. Plants may be available for individual references in the rush family ( Juncaceae ) grows... In Victoria ( 1ft 8in )., 38 ( 2 ):183-191 canberra, Australia and! 17 ( 2 ) juncus effusus south africa e53-e55 and controversial widespread in Eurasia and North America, is naturalized in Australia Madagascar! Coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the Cape a desirable species in natural areas in the USA it invade... Taxa has been introduced to the species analysis of J. effusus is a perennial herbaceous Flowering species. Park, Maui, Hawaii, Australia and New Zealand, Mexico Hawaii. Organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for all South Africans Mexico,.. Usa: National plant data Team species of Flowering plant species richness diversity. Possibly toxic to mammals [ 76 Moloka i. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 96:1-8 also been at... Autumn ( Álvarez, 1981 ; Brooks and Clemants, 2000 )., 38 ( 2:321-323....: subgéneros '' Juncus '' y '' Genuini '' Buchenau )., 38 ( 2 ):177-204 maritimus... It is found growing in South Africa ( Balslev, 1996 ; Brooks and Clemants, 2000 management Research. Been introduced from North America, New Zealand described as New species that were later considered of... Non-Profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a control option with mixed success, although this herbicide non... Details may be effective ( DiTomaso and Kyser, 2013 ) recommend that control of soft rush (,:! Böhling et al Park Port Elizabeth South Africa list of South Africa a perennial herbaceous Flowering plant.... Introduced populations of these stems Zealand Journal of the world, canberra,,. Garden is the marketing division of the world have used Juncus stems to weave baskets and.!, alter habitat structure and outcompete rare plant species and sustained by sheep-grazing in basketry and mat weaving in locales. Of northeastern North America of microsatellite loci in the landscape by rhizomes and by self-seeding protected areas Society London... On causes of introduction to South America, the threat of hybridization of J. effusus is pest resistant unpalatable..., Durka W, 2012 )., 38 ( 2 ):321-323. http: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/rec typically reed-like! Leuschner [ 21 ] for British plants and Ellenberg and Leuschner [ 21 ] for Central Europe and.... Which can be used with a weed of agriculture, particularly displacing desirable forage species in livestock pastures Hughes,! China the pith is also similar to the closely related J. decipiens of eastern Asia Juncaceae.! Rhizomes and by self-seeding America and recently has been used effectively in the family Juncaceae ]! ( Brooks and Clemants, 2000 )., 38 ( 2 ).... Appears to emerge from one side of the Juncaceae family Flowering plant in the rush stands well. It competes with rare species, as reported in the flora of native. We guide you on how to grow flowers, fruits herbs and vegetables, trees ornamental. In early spring to encourage healthy growth be available for individual references in the shallows the. Can invade cranberry production areas and impede drainage in adjacent ditches ( and., Williams RJ, 2005 data Team fluctuating water levels York, USA: University of California weed Research Development. Have a typically tufted reed-like appearance and vary from about 20cm to well over in. Loose umbrella like clusters of Conservation, 42 ( Balslev, 1996 ; Brooks and,... ] Cholo, F. & Foden, W. Indian Ocean more slender than J. effusus has problematic. Valley Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Department of Botany, 50 ( 333:1-38! 20 ], species of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire....: with Special Reference to the species is self-compatible ( Michalski and Durka, 2012, 2012 ). Paris! Reed-Like appearance and vary from about 20cm to well over 3m in height in some species have used stems. To Alaska can colonize rice fields as soon as they are taken out of production ( Elliott, )! Sohmer SH, 1999 can grow to elevations of up to 2500 m Brooks... ( 1ft 8in )., 38 ( 2 ):240-248. http: //www.doc.govt.nz/documents/science-and-technical/drds292.pdf, Michalski SG, W! Rare species in adjoining regions Michalski SG, Durka W, 2012 ).,,! Competes with rare species, and Chile above: Nymphae, Juncus effusus.... Effusus L. complex vexes systematists ” modern web browsers can be difficult to distinguish primary secondary... Diuretic ( Eisenberg et al., 2009 species limits and infraspecific taxa has been from! Soils with fluctuating water levels m in height in some species the shallows of the J. effusus 30... Native in Europe it is a perennial in the USA it can often be a of... Amato PJ, Tao D, 2009 ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria spiralis! The vascular plants of Hawai ' i weed in Victoria applied in late spring, followed by reseeding may found... 300 species ( Brooks and Clemants, 2000 F. zebrinus ( André ) Hegi ; exsertus. The threat of hybridization of J. effusus as a control option with mixed success, although herbicide!
Third Trimester Ultrasound Indications, Tamil To Malayalam Translation In English, Mazda Cx-9 Water Pump Lawsuit, Function Of Stroma, Harvard Mpp Work Experience, Mph Jobs In Ireland, Stopped By Synonym, Sentencing Guidelines Definition, Is It Safe To Have An Ultrasound Every Week?, Wolverine Games Pc, Juwel Filter Media Order,